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White, B.J.; Legako, A.J.; Harmon, H.J. Reagent-less detection of a competitive inhibitor of immobilized acetylcholinesterase. Biosensors & Bioelectronics, 00 (2002), 1-5.
Key terms: Acetylcholinesterase; Polyphyrin; Evanescent wave; Tetrecaine; Visible spectrum; Sensor; USB2000 Spectrometer

White, B.J.; Harmon, H.J. Interaction of monosulfate tetraphenyl porphyrin, a competitive inhibitor, with acetylcholinesterase. Biosensors & Bioelectronics, 00 (2002), 1-7.
Key terms:
Acetylcholinesterase; Polyphyrin; Nerve agent; Tetracaine; Immobilization; Competitive inhibitor; USB2000 Spectrometer

Balzer, F.; Jett, S.D.; Rubahn, H.-G. Akali cluster films on insulating substrates: comparison between scanning force microscopy and extinction data. Chemical Physics Letters 297 (1998) 273-280
Key terms: Mica substrates; Alkali cluster films; Surface plasmon

Boas, Gary. Surface Plasmon Resonance Nanosensors Help Identify Biomarkers for Alzheimer's Disease. Biophotonics International, April 2005, pp. 60-61.
Key terms: Alzheimer's disease; biomarker, plasmon resonance nanosensors

Erxleben, Holger; Ruzicka, Jaromir. Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy for Mercury, Automated by sequential Injection and Miniaturized in Lab-on-Value System. Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 77, No. 16, August 15, 2005, pp. 5124-5128.
Key terms: Atomic spectroscopy; S2000-UV-VIS

Andria, S.E.; Richardson, J.N.; Kaval, N.; Zudans, I.; Seliskar, C.J.; Heineman, W.R. Spectroelectrochemical Sensing Based on Multimode Selectivity Simultaneously Achievable in a Single Device. 17. Improvement in Detection Limits Using Ultrathin Perfluorosulfonated Ionomer Films in Conjunction with Continuous Sample Flow. Anal. Chem. 2004, 76, 3139-3144.
Key terms: Attenuated total reflectance (ATR); Spectroelectrochemical sensor; Nafion films; Flow rate

Boas, Gary. Surface Plasmon Resonance Nanosensors Help Identify Biomarkers for Alzheimer's Disease. Biophotonics International, April 2005, pp. 60-61.
Key terms: biomarker; surface plasmon resonance sensor technology

Mateos, Raquel; Civantos, Concepción García-Ortíz; Castro, Juan; Garcia-Mesa, José A. Direct Spectrophotometric Determination of Bitterness in Virgin Olive oil without Prior Isolation by pH Gradient. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2005, 53, pp. 9615--9619.
Key terms: bitterness; phenolic compounds; virgin olive oil; spectrophotometric determination; pH gradient

Latham, Andrew H.; Freitas, Rafeal S.; Shiffer, Peter; Williams, Mary Elizabeth. Capillary Magnetic Field Flow Fractionation and Analysis of Magnetic Nanoparticles. Analytical Chemistry, June 2005.
Key terms: magnetic nanoparticles; capillary; fractionation

Shi, Guoyue; Hong, Feng; Liang, Quansheng; Hui Fang; Nelson, Scott; Weber, Stephen G. Capillary-based, Serial-Loading, Parallel Microreactor for Catalyst Screening. Analytical Chemistry, Vol.78, No. 6, March 15, 2006, pp. 1972--1979.
Key terms: catalyst screening; Stille reaction

Hogan, Hank. Monitoring Cheese While Making It. Photonics Spectra, December 2007, pp. 32-33.
Key terms: cheese monitoring, syneresis

Lopez, E.P.; Moddeman, W.E.; Birbeck, J.; Williams, D.L.; Benkovich, M.G. The Elimination of Flammable, RCRA and OOC Solvents for Wipe Applications. CleanTech, Volume 4, Number 9, September 2004, pp. 14-21.
Key terms: chemical cleaner; solvent

Otto, William H.; Larive, Cynthia; Mason, Susan L.; Robinson, Janet B.; Heppert, Joseph A.; Ellis, James D. Using Visible Spectrophotometers and pH Measurements to Study Speciation in a Guided-Inquiry Laboratory. Journal of Chemical Education, Vol. 82, No. 10, October 2005, pp. 1552-1554.
Key terms: chemistry curricula; Chem2000

Ramachandran, B.R.; Alpern, Arthur M. A Novel Experiment in Chemical Kinetics: The A ? B ?C Reaction System. Journal of Chemical Education, Vol. 74, No. 8, August 1997, pp. 975 - 978.
Key terms: chemical kinetics

Paleologos, E.K.; Prodromidis, M.I.; Giokas, D.L.; Pappas, A.C.; Karayannis, M.I. Highly selective spectrophotometric determination of trace cobalt and development of a reagentless fiber-optic sensor. Analytica Chimica Acta 467 (2002), 205-215.
Key terms: Cobalt; Spectrophotometry; PAN; Fiber-optic sensor; Central composite design; Wastewater; Pharmaceuticals; Alloys

Breton, G.W.; Shugart, J.H.; Hughey, C.A.; Perala, S.M.; Hicks, A.D. Synthesis of D1-1,2-Diazetines via a Diels-Alder Cycoladdition Approach. Organic Letters, 2001, Vol. 3, No. 20, 3185-3187.
Key terms: Diels-Alder cycoladdition; Cycoladducts; Diazetines; Organic compounds

Nazarenko, Alexander Y.; Nazarenko, Natalie A. Analog Spectrophotometers in the Digital Age: Data Acquisition on a Budget. Journal of Chemical Education, Vol. 82, No. 2, February 2005, pp. 294-296.
Key terms: data acquisition; spectrophotometer; Microsoft Excel; Visual Basic

Ibey, Bennett L.; Beier, Hope T.; Rounds, Rebecca M.; Coté, Gerard L.; Yadavalli, Vamsi K.; Pishko, Michael V. Competitive Binding Assay for Glucose Based on Glycodendrimer-Fluorophore Conjugates. Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 77, No. 21, November 1, 2005, pp. 7039--7046.
Key terms: diabetes mellitus; blood glucose; binding assay

Dubin, C.H. Presto Dissolvo! Pharmaceutical Formulation & Quality, Vol. 4, No. 4, August/September 2002. 
Key terms: Fiber optic dissolution testing; In situ; Dip-type probes; Quality assurance

Tincher, W.C.; Li, S.; White, E.C. Systems for Automated Analysis of Carpet Dyebaths. Textile Chemist and Colorist, March 1999, Vol. 31, No. 3, pp. 17-20.
Key terms: Carpet dyebaths; Dye concentrations; Textile coloration; SD1000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer

Ding, Z.; Reymond, F.; Baumgartner, P.; Fermín, D.J.; Brevet, P-F.; Carrupt, P-A.; Girault, H.H. Mechanism and dynamics of methyl and ethyl orange transfer across the water/1,2-dichloroethane interface. Electrochimica Acta 44, 1998, 3-13.
Key terms: Chronoabsorptometry; Ion transfer rate; ITIES; Partition diagrams; Electrolyte solutions; Potential modulated reflectance; UV-VIS absorbance spectroscopy

Gordon, James; Tye, Sandra. A LED Microtiter Plate Reader. Journal of Chemical Education, Vol. 82, No. 6, June 2005, pp. 903-905.
Key terms: enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), immunology

Ponton, Lisa M.; Porter, Marc D. High-Speed Electrochemically Modulated Liquid Chromatography. Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 76, No. 19, October 1, 2004, pp. 5823-5828.
Key terms: electrochemically modulated liquid chromatography (EMLC)

Zamzow, J.P.; Losey, G.S. Ultraviolet radiation absorbance by coral reef ish mucus: photo-protection and visual communication. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 63: 41-47, 2002.
Key terms: UV vision; Fish, UV absorbance of mucus in; Thalassoma duperrey; Dascyllus albisella; Wrasse; UV vision; Epithelial mucus

Lupetti, K.O.; Rocha, F.R.P.; Fatibello-Filho, O. An improved flow system for phenols determination exploiting multicommutation and long pathlength spectrophotometry. Talanta, 2003. 
Key terms: Flow analysis; Multicommutation; Long pathlength spectrophotometry; Phenols; Green analytical chemistry

Rocha, F.R.P.; Martelli. P.B.; Reis, B.F. An improved flow system for spectrophotometric determination of anions exploiting multicommutation and multidetection. Analytica Chimica Acta 438 (2001) 11-19
Key terms: Flow-injection spectrophotometry; Anions determination; Water; Multicommutation; Multidetectio; In-line concentration

Rocha, F.R.P.; Martelli, P.B.; Reis, B.F. A multicommutation-based flow system for multi-element analysis in pharmaceuticals preparations. Talanta 55 (2001) 861-869
Key terms: Flow-injection spectrophotometry; Polyvalent system; Multicommutation; Multidetermination; Pharmaceutical preparations; Iron; Zinc, Copper; Calcium; Magnesium

Slaughter, D.C.; Barret, D.; Boersig, M. Nondestructive Determination of Soluble Solids in Tomatoes Using Near Infrared Spectroscopy. Journal of Food Science, 1996, Vol. 61, No. 4, pp. 695-697.
Key terms: Nondestructive; Near Infrared spectroscopy; Soluble solids; Fruits
Note: This paper does not cite an Ocean Optics spectrometer. However, the methodology described here was later used with an Ocean Optics S2000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer to make nondestructive measurements of the soluble solids and total solids content of kiwifruit. In addition, samples measured at Ocean Optics proved the feasibility of similar measurements for fruits and vegetables such as grapes, tomatoes and onions.

Golant, K.M.; Nikolin, I.V. Effect of separation of germanium and silicon oxides in plasmachemical deposition of Ge-doped glass with scanning plasma column. Technical Physics Letters, July 1999, Vol. 25, No. 7, pp. 530-532.
Key terms: Transmission; Germanium; Plasma; Chemical vapor deposition; Dielectric coatings

Erhardt, Walt. Instrumental Analysis in the High School Classroom: UV-VIS Spectroscopy. Journal of Chemical Education, Vol. 84, No. 6, June 2007, pp.1024-1026
Key terms: high school education; analytical instruments in the classroom; UV-VIS, CHEM2000

Pappas, A.C.; Stalikas, C.D.; Fiamegos, Y.C.; Karayannis, M.I. Determination of hydrogen peroxide by using a flow injection system with immobilized peroxidase and long pathlength capillary spectrophotometry. Analytica Chimica Act 455 (2002), 305-313.
Key terms: Hydrogen peroxide; Liquid waveguide capillary cell; Immobilized peroxidase; Flow injection analysis

Waterbury, R.D.; Yao, W. Long Pathlength Absorbance Spectroscopy: Trace Analysis of Fe (II) Using a 4.5 m Liquid Core Waveguide. Analytica Chimica Acta 1997, 357, pp. 99-102.
Key terms: Iron analysis; Long pathlength spectroscopy; Liquid core waveguide; S1000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer

Cardenas-Valencia, Andres M.; Dlutowski, Jay; Fries, David; Langebrake, Larry. Determination of the Refractive Index of Optical Wave Guiding Materials Used in Lab-On-a-Chip Applications. Applied Spectroscopy, 2006, Vol. 60, Number 3, pp. 322--329.
Key terms: lab-on-a-chip; refractive index; optical materials; plastics; glasses; visible spectroscopy; instrumental methods

Sanford, C.L.; Thomas, S.E.; Jones, B.T. Portable, Battery-Powered, Tungsten Coil Atomic Absorption Spectrometer for Lead Determinations. Applied Spectroscopy, 1996, Vol. 50, No. 2, pp. 174-181.
Key terms: Atomic absorption spectrometry; Lead; PC1000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer

Bernazzini, P.; Paquin, F. Modular Spectrometers in the Undergraduate Chemistry Laboratory. Journal of Chemical Education, Vol. 78, No. 6, June 2001, pp. 796-798.
Key terms: Laboratory courses; Spectrophotometers; Ligand/metal ratio in Fe(II)/phenanthroline; Aromatic acids; CHEM2000-VIS; S2000-UV-VIS

Seehausen, Ole; van Alphen, J.J.M.; Witte, F. Cichlid Fish Diversity Threatened by Eutrophication That Curbs Sexual Selection. SCIENCE, 1997, Vol. 277, pp. 1808-1811
Key terms: Cichlid fish species; Eutrophication; Fish coloration; Light transmission (through water); PS1000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer

Goojer, C.; Hoornweg, G.P.; de Beer, T.; Bader, A.; van Iperen, D.J.; Brinkman, U.A.T. Detector cell based on plastic liquid-core waveguides suitable for aqueous solutions: one-to-two decades improved detection limits in conventional-size column liquid chromatography with absorption detection. Journal of Chromatography A., 1998, Vol. 824, No. 1-5.
Key terms: Detection; LC; Liquid-core waveguide (LCW) detection; Pesticides

Yao, W.; Byrne, R.H.; Waterbury, R.D. Determination of Nanomolar Concentrations of Nitrite and Nitrate in Natural Waters Using Long Path Length Absorbance Spectroscopy. Environmental Science and Technology, 1998.
Key terms: Long path length absorbance spectroscopy; Liquid core waveguide; Nitrite; Nitrate

Lucchetta, D.E.; Criante, L.; Simoni, F. Optical Characterization of Polymer Dispersed Liquid Crystals for Holographic Recording. Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 91, No. 1, July 1, 2003.
Key terms: Absorption; S2000 spectrometer; Liquid crystal analysis; Holographic recording

Haes, Amanda J.; Chang, Lei; Klein, William L.; Van Duyne, Richard P. Detection of a Biomarker for Alzheimer's Disease from Synthetic and Clinical Samples Using a Nanoscale Optical Biosensor. American Chemical Society, Vol. 127, No. 7 (2005), pp. 2264-2271.
Key terms: nanoscale optical biosensor; localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) nanosensor; Alzheimer's Disease

Yao, W.; Byrne, R.H. Determination of Trace Chromium (VI) and Molybdenum (VI) in Natural and Bottled Mineral Waters Using Long Pathlength Absorbance Spectroscopy. Talanta, Vol. 48, pp. 277-282, 1999.
Key terms: Chromium; Molybdenum; Long Pathlength Absorbance Spectroscopy

Latham, Andrew H.; Freitas, Rafael S.; Schiffer, Peter; Williams, Mary Elizabeth. Capillary Magnetic Field Flow Fractionation and Analysis of Magnetic Nanoparticles. Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 77, No. 15, August 1, 2005.
Key terms: magnetic field flow fractionation; nanoscale magnets; nanoparticles

Latham, Andrew H.; Tarpara, Anand N.; Williams, Mary Elizabeth. Magnetic Field Switching of Nanoparticles between Orthogonal Microfluidic Channels. Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 79, No. 15, August 1, 2007.
Key terms: magnetic field switching; nanopatricles, USB2000

D'Arceuil, H.E.; Hotakainen, M. P.; Liu, C.; Themelis, G.; de Crespigny, A. J.; Franceschini, M. A. Near-infrared Frequency-domain Optical Spectroscopy and Magnetic Resonance Imaging: a Combined Approach to Studying Cerebral Maturation in Neonatal Rabbits. Journal of Biomedical Optics, January/February 2005, Vol. 10(1), pp. 011011-1 -- 011011-9.
Key terms: magnetic resonance imaging; diffusion; brain maturation; hemoglobin concentration; hemoglobin saturation; frequency-domain; optical spectroscopy; near-infrared

Dillon, J.; Zheng, L.; Merriam, J.C.; Gaillard, E.R. Transmission Spectra of Light to the Mammalian Retina. Photochemistry and Photobiology, 2000, 72(2): 225-229.
Key terms: Transmission spectra; Mammalian retina; Sclera; Primate eyes

Tomaszewski, L.; Ding, Z.; Fermín, D.J.; Caçote, H.M.; Pereira, C.M.; Silva, F.; Girault, H.H. Spectroelectrochemical study of the copper(II) transfer assisted by 6,7-dimethyl-2,3-di(2-pyridyl)quinoxaline at the water|1,2-dichloroethane interface. Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry 453, 1998, pp. 171-177.
Key terms: Quinoxaline derivative; Metal extraction; Differential cyclic voltabsorptometry; Chronoabsorptometry

Wong, Shin Lu; Birembaut, Fabrice; Brocklesby, William S.; Frey, Jeremy G.; Bradley, Mark. Resin Bead Micro-UV - Visible Absorption Spectroscopy. Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 77, No. 7, April 1, 2005, pp. 2247-2251.
Key terms: microscope; miniature UV-VIS spectrometer; resin beads

Morales, J.A.; Walsh, J.E. Detection of Atmospheric Nitrogen Dioxide Using a Miniaturised Fibre-optic Spectroscopy System and the Ambient Sunlight. Spectrochemica Acta Part A 61, (2005), pp. 2073-2079.
Key terms: molecular absorption spectroscopy; nitrogen dioxide; fiber-optic spectrometer; atmospheric pollution; miniaturization

Blitz, Jonathan P.; Sheeran, Daniel J.; Becker, Thomas L. Classroom Demonstrations of Concepts in Molecular Fluorescence. Journal of Chemical Education, Vol. 83, No. 5 May 2006, pp. 758-760.
Key terms: molecular fluorescence; classroom; education

Pappas, A.C.; Promidis, M.I.; Karayannis, M.I. Flow monitoring of NADH consumption in bioassays based on packed-bed reactors bearing NAD+-dependent dehydrogenases; Determination of acetaldehyde using alcohol dehydrogenase. Analytica Chimica Acta 467 (2002), 225-232.
Key terms: Flow monitoring; NADH; Alcohol dehydrogenase; Pyruvate decarboxylase; Acetaldehyde; Pyruvate

Greenwood, Michael A. Silver Nanostructures with Unique Optical Properties Created. Photonics Spectra, May 2007, p. 84.
Key terms: nanostructures,  silver, nanobars, nanorice

De Grand, Alec M.; Lomnes, Stephen J.; Lee, Deborah S.; Pietrzykowski, Matthew; Morgan, Timothy G.; Gogbashian, Andrew; Laurence, Rita G.; Frangioni, John V. Tissue-like phantoms for Near-infrared Fluorescence Imaging System Assessment and the Training of Surgeons. Journal of Biomedical Optics, Vol. 11(1), January/February 2006, pp. 014007-1-- 014007-10.
Key terms: near-infrared fluorescence; optical imaging; phantoms; indocyanine green; hydroxyapatite; surgical training

Byrne, R.; Kaltenbacher, E.; Waterbury, R. Autonomous In-Situ Analysis Of the Upper Ocean: Construction of a Compact, Long Pathlength Absorbance Spectrometer Aimed at Order-of-Magnitude Improvements in the Sensitivity of Spectrophotometric Analysis. Sea Technology, Vol. 40, No. 2, Feb. 1999.
Key terms: Ocean chemical analysis; Liquid Core Waveguide; Spectrophotometric elemental analysis system          

Slota, R.; Dyrda, G. UV Photostability of Metal Phthalocyanines in Organic Solvents. Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 42, No. 18, 2003.
Key terms: Phthalocyanines; Organic solvents; Porphyrins

Walker, Jeremy P; Asher, Sanford A. Acetylcholinesterase-Based Organophosphate Nerve Agent Sensing Photonic Crystal. American Chemical Society, 2005, No. 77, pp. 1596-1600.
Key terms: organophosphorus compounds; acetylcholinesterase; photonic crystal

Frangione, M.; Port, J.; Baldiwala, M.; Judd, A.; Galley, J.; DeVega, M.; Linna, K.; Caron, L.; Anderson, E.; Goodwin, J.A. Thermochemistry of Oxo Transfer from Coordinated Nitrite in the Dinitro (5,10,15,20-tetrakis (0-pivalamidophenyl) porphinato) iron(III) Anion. Inorg. Chem. 1997, 36, 1904-1911
Key terms: Thermochemistry; oxygen atom transfer; nitro porphyrin complexes

Garcia-Rubio, L. Fiber Optic-Based Spectrometers Advance Particle Analysis. Photonics Showcase, Feb. 2001.
Key terms: Fiber optic detection systems; Particle analysis; Multiwavelength spectrometric measurements

Tanner, Kandice; D'Amico, Enrico; Kaczmarowski, Amy; Kukreti, Shwayta; Malpeli, Joe; Mantulin, William W.; Gratton, Enrico. Spectrally resolved neurophonics: a case report of hemodynamics and vascular components in the mammalian brain, Journal of Biomedical Optics, 10(6), 064009 (November/December 2005), pp. 1--9.
Key terms:
photon migration; visual stimulation; brain activation; spectral approach

Connelly, Christine. Photoprotective Pigment is Discovered, Biophotonics International, June 2005, p. 22.
Key terms: photoprotective pigment, plastid; diode-array, plants

Baum, M.M. Pollution Monitoring Employs the UV. Photonics Spectra, Nov. 1994.
Key terms: Air instruments and measurements; Airborne pollution monitoring; Infrared absorptions; Ultraviolet absorptions

McAloney, R.A.; Sinyor, M.; Dudnik, V.; Goh, C.M. Atomic Force Microscopy Studies of Salt Effects on Polyelectrolyte Multilayer Film Morphology, Langmuir, Vol. 17, No. 21, Pages 6655-6663
Key terms: Polyelectrolyte Multilayer Film Morphology; Polyions; Coatings; UV/VIS absorbance

Yang, Marjorie U.; Yaroslavsky, Anna N.; Farinelli, Willaim A.; Flotte, Thomas J.; Ruis-Diaz, Francisca; Tsao, Sandy S.; Anderson, R. Rox. Long-pulsed neodymium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet Laser Treatment for Port-wine Stains, Journal of American Academy of Dermatology, Vol. 52, No. 3, Pages 480-490.
Key terms: port-wine stains; laser treatment; Nd:YAG laser

Grattan, Melora. Scientists in Sarasota use technology to stay ahead of red tide events. Florida Specifier, June 2005.
Key terms: red tide, algae; BreveBuster

Edwards, Katie A.; Baeumner, Antje J.; Sequential Injection Analysis System for the Sandwich Hybridization-Based Detection of Nucleic Acids. Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 78, No. 6, March 15, 2006, pp. 1958--1966.
Key terms: sequential injection; nucleic acids, SIA-LOV

Lima, M.J. Reis; Fernandes, Sílvia M.V.; Rangel, António O.S.S. Enzymatic Determination of Urea in Milk by Sequential Injection with Spectrophotometric and Conductometric Detection. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. Vol. 52, No. 23, 2004, pp. 6887-6890.
Key terms: sequential injection; milk urea determination; urease; gas-diffusion; spectrophotometry; conductimetry

Morais, Inês P.A.; Souto, M. Renate S.; Rangel, António O.S.S. A Double-Line Sequential Injection system for the Spectrophotometric Determination of Copper, Iron, Manganese, and Zinc in Waters. Journal of AOAC International, Vol. 88, No. 2 (2005), pp. 639-644.
Key terms: sequential injection; metal ions in waters; double-line sequential injection system

Hanby, J.D. Fiberoptic Spectrometer Helps Clean Up Environment. Laser Focus World, Feb. 1996.
Key terms: Soil contamination analysis; On-site contamination detection; Hanby Method; Colorimetry; Friedel-Crafts aromatic alkylation reaction

Hicks, J. New Technologies Developed for Soil Testing. R&D Magazine, Apr. 1999, Vol. 41, No. 5, pp. 14-19.
Key terms: Soil testing; EPA Environmental Monitoring Method Index; Soil contamination analysis; Freidel-Crafts reactions; Hanby Environmental Laboratory Procedures; H.E.L.P. Mate 2000

Reipa, V.; Mayhew, M.P.; Holden, M.J.; Vilker, V.L. Redox control of the P450cam catalytic cycle: effects of Y96F active site mutation and binding of a non-natural substrate. Chem. Commun., 2002, 318-319
Key terms: Spectroelectrochemical titraton; Bacterial cytochrom (P450cam); Enzymes

Ding, Z.; Brevet, P.F.; Girault. Heterogeneous electron transfer at the polarised water/1,2-dichloroethane interface studied by in situ UV-VIS spectroscopy and differential cyclic voltabsorptometry. Chem. Commun., 1997, pp. 2059-2060.
Key terms: UV-VIS absorption spectroscopy; Total internal reflection geometry; Spectroelectrochemical; Ferricyanide-ferrocyanide; Voltabsorptometry; LabVIEW® Version 4.0

Leys, S.P.; Cronin, T.W. Spectral sensitivity in a sponge larva. J Comp Physiol A (2002) 188: 199-202
Key terms: Porifera; Sponge; Photoreceptor; Action spectrum; Visual pigments

Shenkenberg, David L. Searching for the Ultimate Sensitivity of Surface Absorption Spectroscopy. Photonics Spectra, November 2007, p. 102
Key terms: surface absorption spectroscopy, fiber-based spectroscopy, free-beam spectroscopy

Marcano, A.; J. Ojeda; Melikechi, N. Absorption Spectra of Dye Solutions Measured Using a White Light Thermal Lens Spectrophotometer. Applied Spectroscopy, 2006, Vol. 60, Number 5, pp. 560--563.
Key terms: thermal lens spectroscopy; absorption spectroscopy; white light excitation source

Masterson, H.J.; Lunney, J, G.; Coey, J.M.D. An Investigation of the Low-Temperature Faraday Rotation Spectrum of BaFe12O19. Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 1997, Vol. 9, pp. 4761-4678.
Key terms: Faraday rotation spectra; Hexagonal ferrite thin films; Pulsed laser deposition; S1000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer

Masterson, H.J.; Lunney, J, G.; Coey, J.M.D. Investigation into the Magnetic Properties of Zn1-xMnxTe Thin Films by the Faraday Effect. Journal of Applied Physics, 1997, Vol. 81, pp. 799-805.
Key terms: Faraday rotation; Zinc compound thin films; Magnetic semiconductors; S1000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer

Mikhonin, Aleksandr V.; Maurer, Marta K.; Reese, Chad E.; Asher, Sanford A. Simple Nanosecond to Minutes Transient Absorption Spectrophotometer. Applied Spectroscopy, Vol. 59, No. 12, 2005, pp. 1534 -- 1540.
Key terms: transient absorption, temperature jump, pump probe, optical switching, vloume-based transition, photonic crystals.

Lorigan, G.A.; Patterson, B.M.; Sommer, A.J.; Danielson, N.D. Cost-Effective Spectroscopic Instrumentation for the Physical Chemistry Laboratory. Journal of Chemical Education, Vol. 79, No. 10, pp. 1264-1266, Oct. 2002.
Key terms: UV-VIS absorption spectroscopy; Undergraduate physical chemistry laboratory; Raman scattering experiments; S2000 Spectrometer

Sours, R.E.; Fink, D.A.; Swift, J.A. Dyeing Uric Acid Crystals with Methylene Blue. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2002, 124, 8630-8636.
Key terms: Methylene blue; Anhydrous uric acid; Uric acid dihydrate; Biomineralization; pH 

Baum, M.M.; Kiyomiya, E.S.; Kumar, S.; Lappas, A.M.; Kapinus, V.A.; Lord, H.C. Multicomponent Remote Sensing of Vehicle Exhaust by Dispersive Absorption Spectroscopy. 2. Direct On-Road Ammonia Measurements. Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 35, No. 18, 2001. 
Key terms: Atmospheric ammonia; Vehicle exhaust; Remote sensing; Pollutants

Pokorny, J.; Filipu, M.; Pudil, F. Prediction of odour and flavour acceptancies of white wines on the basis of their colour. Nahrung, 1998, Vol. 42, No. 6, pp. 412-415.
Key terms: Trichromatic method; White wines; Color; Transmittancy; S2000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer

Dawson, P. Röntgen's other experiment. The British Journal of Radiology, 70(1997), pp. 809-816.
Key terms: x-ray, Maxwell, Röntgen

Conference Proceedings

Wei, J.B.; Shaw, B.D. Transient Measurements of The Composition of Evaporating Droplets by Fiber Optic Absorption Spectroscopy. 2nd Joint Meeting of the U.S. Sections of the Combustion Institute, 25-28, March 2001. 
Key terms: Absorption spectroscopy; Droplets, analysis of; 1-propanol/acetone; Methanol/acetone; Fiber optic spectroscopy

Wei, J.B.; Shaw, B.D. Spectral Absorption Characteristics of HAN-based MonoPropellant Droplets. Western States Section of The Combustion Institute, Fall 2001. 
Key terms: Hydroxyl Ammonium Nitrate (HAN); Monoprellant droplets, analysis of; UV absorption

Baum, M.M. UV Spectroscopy as a Highly Versatile Tool in Gas Analysis. Proceedings of the 42nd Annual ISA Analysis Division Symposium, April 7-9, 1997, Vol. 30, pp. 37-48.
Key terms: Industrial gas analyzers; Sulfiric acid; Sulfur dioxide; Air instruments and measurements

Wheeler, A.; Tomasek, M.; Bruce, S.; Rye, S.; Chauvel, J.P.; Doherty, S.; Tate, J.D.; Knittel, T. Lower Cost, Higher Value On-line Analyzer Technology for Application in the Manufacture of Ethylene. ISA, 1997, ISA TECH/EXPO Technology Update, Vol. 1, Part 2, pp. 225.
Key terms: Infrared; Photometer; Olefins; Gas filter correlation; Cracked gas; Ownership costs; On-line analysis

Veltsistas, P.; Stergiou, D.; Pappas, A.; Rogga, K.; Karayannis, M. A Novel Approach on the Gold-Glyphosate Complex and Colloidal Chemstry: Au(III) Spectrophotometric Assay, By Using a Computerized Optical Fiber CCD System. Conference Proceedings, International Conference, Instrumental Methods of Analysis, Modern Trends and Applications, Sept. 19-22, 1999, Vol. 1, pp. 191-195.
Key terms: Glyphosate; Gold; Assay; Pharmaceuticals; Gold alloys; SD2000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer

Veltsistas, P.; Pappas, A.; Rogga, K.; Papandreou; Karayannis, M. A Novel Spectrophotometric Kinetic-Catalytic Assay of Iron(III), Based on the Reaction System Metol-H2O2, and Monitored by a Computerized Optical Fiber CCD System. Conference Proceedings, International Conference, Instrumental Methods of Analysis, Modern Trends and Applications, Sept. 19-22, 1999, Vol. 1, pp. 196-200.
Key terms: Fe(III) cations; Iron; Kinetics; Assay; Metol; Fenton's reaction; SD2000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer

Netto, E.J.; Peterson, J.I.; Wang, B. Fiber-Optic pH Sensor for Gastric Measurements -- Preliminary Results. Fiber Optic Sensors in Medical Diagnostics, 1993, SPIE Vol. 1886, pp. 109-117.
Key terms: Fiber optic pH sensors; Gastric measurements; Acid-base indicators; SD1000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer

Cabañero, Ana I.; Madrid, Yolanda; Carmen Cámera. Effect of Animal Feed Enriched with Se and Clays on Hg Bioaccumulation in Chickens: In Vivo Experimental Study.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2005 No. 53, pp. 2125-2132.
Key terms: mercury bioaccumulation in chickens; in vivo experimental study

Robbins, S.J.; Mockel, W.D. Average Molecular Weight Determination of a Polyester by NIR Spectroscopy. ISA 1994, Vol. 49 (paper #94-034).
Key terms: NIR spectroscopy; Average molecular weight; Polyester; Fiber optics; Modeling; Process

Morales, J.A.; Walsh, J.E.; Treacy, J.; Garland, W.E. Direct Environmental NO2 Analysis by Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy Using a Portable Fiber-Optic Spectrometer. FACSS 2001, No. 587.
Key terms: Environmental analysis; Optical absorption spectroscopy; NO2 analysis; Portable fiber optic spectrometer

Kirkpatrick, G.J.; Kamykowski, D.; Reed, R.E. Phytoplankton Quantum Yield Measured on Minute Time Scales In Situ. Ocean Optics XIII, 1997, SPIE Vol. 2963, pp. 868-873.
Key terms: In situ quantum yield; Attenuation spectra; Phytoplankton; Downwelling irradiance spectra

Schirmer, R. Remote Optical Monitoring of Polymer Processing Over Long Fiber Optic Cables. ISA, 1989, ISA Transactions, Vol. 28, No. 2, pp. 65-69.
Key terms: Polymer processing; Fiber optics; In-situ; Spectrophotometer; Process analysis

Unpublished Materials

Tolleson, D.R.; Stuth, J.W. Near Infrared Spectroscopy of Faeces to Predict Diet Quality in Grazing Animals: Development of a Portable System. Texas A&M University of Rangeland Ecology and Management, 2006.
Key terms: diet quality, faeces, grazing, near infrared spectroscopy, portable

Kik, Pieter. University of Central Florida School of Optics web site (http://kik.creol.ucf.edu/thelab.html), Dec. 2003.
Key terms: DH-2000 light source; Absorption; Near-field optical microscope; Nanophotonic structure measurement

Thiele, B.; Krautwald, S.; Tamachkiarov, A., Franke, H. Measuring oxygen in biofilms and biofilm components using fiber optics. University of Duisburg, Germany
Key terms: fluorescence sensors; oxygen measurement; biofilms

Angel; Dockery; Pender. Spectrophotometric pH Determination Using Bromocresol Green. Curricula for CHEM 621L: Instrumental Analysis, Dept. of Biochemistry, University of South Carolina, Spring 2003.
Key terms: pH; Bromocresol Green; UV-VIS Spectrophotometry

No Byline. Optical Spectroscopy II: Rare Earth Ions in Solution. Davidson College Department of Physics web site (http://www.phy.davidson.edu/ModernPhysicsLabs/optspect2.html), Dec. 2003.
Key terms: S2000 spectrometer; Absorption, Rare earth ion measurement; Transition monitoring. 

Syassen, K. and Loa, I. Notes on High-Pressure Infrared Spectroscopy at ANKA. Nov. 25, 2003.
Key terms: Infrared spectroscopy; HR2000; Material absorption; High-pressure; Ruby luminescence

Watson, Matthew et. al. Miniature Differential Optical Absorption Spectrometer (mini-DOAS) for Volcano Monitoring. Excerpted from the Department of Geological/Mining Engineering & Sciences web site at Michigan Technological University (http://www.geo.mtu.edu/volcanoes/vc_web/tools/doas_1.html), Oct. 2003.
Key terms: DOAS; Michigan Technological University; USB2000; Volcano monitoring; Absorbance

Fiber Optic Chemical Sensor for Detection of BTEX in Groundwater. Ocean Optics, Inc. Application Note, 1995.
Key terms: BTEX compounds; Aromatic hydocarbons; VOCs

Chemical Kinetics, Undergraduate-level Teaching Assignment, 1995.
Key terms: Ionic strength; Chemical kinetics; S1000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer

Williams, L. Separation, Analysis, and Comparison of Spinach Leaf Lipids with Isolated Chloroplast Lipids. Manuscript composed at Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, La.
Key terms: Spinach leaf lipids; Chloroplast Lipids; Chlorophyll; Thin layer chromatography

Morris, M.J.; Walters, R.A.; Burke, G.C. Miniature Optical Fiber-Based Spectrometer Employing a Compact Tandem Fiber Probe. Ocean Optics, Inc. Technical Brief, circa 1993.
Key terms: Tandem fiber probe; Dip probe; S1000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer; Mode containment; Miniature optics

Baker, Jeffrey; Khatiwada, Rakshya; Shnitzler, Dr. Donald. Study of Absorption Lines in Gemstones. Department of Physics, Linfield College, McMinnville, OR, Spring 2007.
Key Terms: gemstones, USB4000

Fritz, C.; Eddington, D.; Cantoni, D. Real-time Monitoring of Vapor Phase Hydrogen Peroxide for Cycle Development. STERIS Corporation.
Key terms: Vapor phase hydrogen peroxide sterilization; Real-time monitoring; InSite Laboratory Spectrophotometer

Winefordner, J.D.; Gornushkin, I.B.; Smith, B.W. Laser Induced Breakdown Spectrometers for Rapid Solids Analysis. Department of Chemistry, University of Florida, Gainesville, Fla.
Key terms: Solids analysis; Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS); SD2000 Spectrometer; Phosphate rocks

Analytical Software for Interpretation of UV/VIS Spectra -- Protein Characterization and Particle Size Analysis. Ocean Optics, Inc. Technical Brief, October 1991.
Key terms: Protein characterization; Particle size analysis; S1000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer; Turbidity; Polystyrene latices

Garcia-Rubio, L.H. A New Approach for the Characterization of the Joint Particle Property Distribution of Micron and Sub-micron Particulate Systems: Biological and Synthetic Particles. 
Key terms: Particle size analysis; Sub-micron particles; Fiber optics; Multi-sensors

Chemical Sensing Materials -- Immobilized Indicator Dyes for pH and Toxic Metals. Ocean Optics, Inc. Technical Brief, Aug. 16, 1991.
Key terms: Immobilized indicator dyes; Fiber optic pH sensor; Chemical sensing; Toxic metals; S1000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer; pHish Doctor aquarium pH monitor

Abd-Elwahed, A.; Holze, R. In Situ Near-Infrared Spectroelectrochemical Investigations of Redox States of Polyaniline During Growth and Doping, 2002. 
Key terms: Polyaniline; Polymer film; UV-VIS spectroscopy

Kohler, D.D.R; Philpot, W.D. Comparing In Situ and Remotely Sensed Measurements in Optically Shallow Waters. Draft submitted by School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, 453 Hollister Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853
Key terms: Remote sensing; Coastal environments; Reflectance; Transmittance; Radiometer; Upwelling; Downwelling

Branan, Y.K.; Watson, I.M.; Harris, A.J.L.; Rose, W.I.; Bluth, G.J.S.; Chigna, G.; Mata, M. Correlation of SO2 Gas Emissions, Seismicity and Thermal Signature at Santiaguito, Guatemala. Abstract of poster presentation at 2003 American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting.
Key terms: Sulfur dioxide (SO2); Volcano activity; Seismic data; Thermal data

Author(s) unknown; submitted by Ocean Optics customer Applied Analytics, Inc. Monitoring Vanadium Oxytrichloride (VOCI3) by a UV/Vis Diode Array Spectrophotometer. Product Brief - OMA 300 Publication #P0303212
Key terms: Absorbance spectrum; UV-VIS spectroscopy; Vanadium oxytrichloride

Baum, M.M.; Kiyomiya, E.S.; Kuma, S.; Lappas, A.M. Multicomponent Remote Sensing of Vehicle Exhaust by Dispersive Absorption Spectroscopy. 1. Effect of Fuel Type and Catalyst Performance. Submitted to Environmental Science & Technology, 2002.
Key terms: Remote sensing; Vehicle exhaust; Phase II gasoline; Pollutants

Balu, Mihaela; Hales, Joel; Hagan, David J.; Van Stryland, Eric W. Dispersion of Nonlinear Refraction and Two-photon Absorption using a White-light Continuum Z-scan. Submitted to Optics Express, 2005.
Key terms: white-light continuum; Z-scan; LVF

Hutson, S.M. Spectroscopy reveals bacterial damage in blue agave. Biophotonics International, 2002. 
Key terms: Fluorescence detection; Agave plant fluorescence; Tequila; Erwinia carotovora; Photosynthetic pigments

Studt, T. Making Air Pollution Models Fit Reality Closer. R&D Magazine, Dec. 1991.
Key terms: Air monitoring; Miniature spectrometer; Global warming

Chang, A.; Gillespie, J.B.; Tabacco, M. Enhanced Detection of Live Bacteria Using a Dendrimer Thin Film in an Optical Biosensor. Analytical Chemistry, Feb. 1, 2001, Vol. 73, No. 3, pp. 467-470.
Key terms: Biosensor; Bacteria, live; S2000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer; Thin films; Fluorescence

Butkus, B. Multispectral fluorescence imager may guide surgical procedure. Biophotonics International, May 2003, pp. 18-19.
Key terms: Cancer; Brain tissue, fluorescence of; Photodynamic therapy; Multispectral imaging

Macomber, J.; Timmerman, R.; Lemke, P. Optical Properties of Polyimide-Coated Capillary Tubing. Advertising supplement, LC:GC North America, June 2004.
Key terms: Capillary tubing; Emission spectroscopy; Polyimide

Allen, C.B.; Schneider, B.K.; White, C.W. Limitations to oxygen diffusion  and equilibration in in vitro cell exposure systems in hperoxia and hypoxia. American Journal of Physiology Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology, 281: L1021-L1027, 2001.
Key terms: Cell exposure systems; Permeability; Polystyrene; Oxygen diffusion

Robinson, R.D.; Spanier, J.E.; Zhang, F.; Chan, S.W., Herman, I.P. Visible thermal emission from sub-band-gap laser excited cerium dioxide particles. Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 92, No. 4, Aug. 15, 2002.
Key terms: Cerium dioxide particles; Nanoparticles; Lasing media; Raman peaks

Abramson, F.P. CRIMS: Chemical Reaction Interface Mass Spectrometry. Mass Spectrometry Reviews, 1994, Vol. 13, pp. 341-356.
Key terms: Isotopes; Chemical Reaction Interface Mass Spectrometry (CRIMS); Electronic plasma
Notes: This paper does not cite an Ocean Optics spectrometer. However, the same methodology described here was later modified to include an S2000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer. The results were presented in the poster session "Use of a PC plug-in UV-Vis spectrometer to monitor the plasma conditions in GC-CRIMS," which is described below (see Plasma Analysis).

Clarke, R.H.; Londhe, S.; Premasiri, W.R.; Womble, M.E. Low Resolution Raman Spectroscopy Instrumentation and Applications for Chemical Analysis. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 1999, Vol. 30, pp. 827-832.
Key terms: Low resolution Raman spectroscopy; Chemical analysis

Burgard, Daniel A.; Abraham, Juno; Allen, April; Craft, Jacqueline; Foley, Wynter; Robinson, Ja'terrica; Wells, Breian; Xu, Chen; Stedman, Donald H. Chemiluminescent Reactions of Nickel, Iron, and Cobalt Carbonyls with Ozone. Applied Spectroscopy, Volume 60, Number 1, 2006, pp. 99-102.
Key terms: chemiluminescence; carbonyls; electronic spectra; nickel tetracarbonyl; iron pentacarbonyl; dicobalt octacarbonyl; cobalt tricarbonyl; ozone

Savage, Lynn M. Chemiluminescence gets a boost from microwaves. Biophontonics International, December 2006, p. 20
Key terms: chemiluminescence; microwaves

Author unknown. ISGC Mock Robotic Field Trials -- Spectrometer Project. Excerpted from University of Iowa's GROK Lab Web site (http://grok.ecn.uiowa.edu/), Aug. 1999.
Key terms: GROK Lab, University of Iowa; Robotic field trials; Chlorophyll analysis; Fluorescence; S2000-FL Miniature Fluorescence Spectrometer; Utah Project '99; Remote science; Mars exploration

Zarco-Tejada, P.; Miller, J.R.; Mohammed, G.H.; Noland, T.L. Chlorophyll Fluorescence Effects on Vegetation Apparent Reflectance: I. Leaf-Level Measurements and Model Simulation. Remote Sensing of Environment, 74(3), 582-595, 2000.
Key terms: Transmittance; Plant leaves, reflectance of; ST1000 Fiber Optic Spectrometer; Chlorophyll fluorescence (CF); Sugar maple trees

Anderson, Benjamin; Buah-Bassuah, Paul K.; Tetteh, Jonathan P. Using violet laser-induced chlorophyll fluorescence emission spectra for crop yield assessment of cowpea (Vigna uniguiculata (L) Walp) varieties. Institute of Physics electronic journal. http://www.iop.org/EJ/abstract/0957-0233/15/7/005, July 2004.

Ginsberg, M.A. Exploring the "Underwater Rainforests." Biophotonics International, May/June 1996.
Key terms: Benthic spectrofluorometer; Coral reefs; Halogen light source; Fiber optic cable

Burgess, Daniel S. Femtosecond Near-IR Cr:Forsterite Laser Employed in Multiphoton Microscopy. Photonics Spectra, March 2006, pp. 128-129.
Key terms: Cr:forsterite laser, femtosecond pulse, mutiphoton

Weis, David D.; Nardozzi, Jonathan D. Enzyme Kinetics in Acoustically Levitated Droplets of Supercooled Water: A Novel Approach to Cryoenzymology. Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 77, No. 8, April 15, 2005, pp. 2558-2563.
Key terms: cryoenzymology; enzyme kinetics

Glaskin, M. Luminescent Materials Show Structure Damage. Photonics Spectra, May 2000.
Key terms: Triboluminescence; Crystals; SD2000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer

Price, Richard B.T.; Felix, Corey A.; Andreou, Pantelis. Third-Generation vs. a Second-Generation LED Curing Light: Effect on Known Microhardness. Compendium; September 2006; 27(9), pp. 490-497.
Key terms: curing light; LED; microhardness

Scott, B.A.; Felix, C.A.; Price, R.B.T. Effect of Disposable Infection Control Barriers on Light Output from Dental Curing Lights. Journal of the Canadian Dental Association 2004; 70(02):105-110. 
Key terms: Comparative study; Composite resins/chemistry; Dental curing lights; light

Savage, Lynn M. Finding Ways to Monitor Blood Sugar. Biophotonics International, December 2006, pp. 33-37.
Key terms: diabetes; monitoring blood sugar; glucose, Raman

Yarina, K.L.; Dandy, D.S.; Jensen, E.; Butler, J.E. Growth of diamond films using an enclosed methyl-acetylene and propadiene combustion flame. Diamond and Related Materials 7 (1998) 1491-1502. 
Key terms: Combustion synthesis; Deposition; Diamond films; Morphology

Zuclich, Joseph A.; Previc, Fred H.; Novar, Brenda J.; Edsall, Peter R. Near-UV/blue Light-induced fluorescence in the human lens: Potential Interference with Visual Function. Journal of Biomedical Optics; July/August 2005; Vol. 10(4); pp. 044021-1 -- 044021-7.
Key terms: diode laser, glare, veiling glare, eye bank

Li, Qingyang; Dasgupta, Purnendu K.; Temkin, Henryk; Crawford, M.H.; Fischer, A.J.; Allerman, A.A.; Bogart, K.H.A.; Lee, S.R. Mid-ultraviolet Light-Emitting Diode Detects Dipicolinic Acid. Applied Spectroscopy, Vol. 58, Number 11, 2004.
Key terms: DPA; light-emitting diode; bioaerosol; endospore

Coghlan, Andy. Lasers Spot Fake Drugs in the Packet. New Scientist, February 3, 2007; p. 26.
Key terms: Raman; drug analysis

Rizzo, Michelle M.; Halmi, Tracy A.; Jircitano, Alan J.; Kociolek, Martin J.; Magraw, Jerry A. Revisiting the Electric Pickle Demonstration. Journal of Chemical Education, Vol. 82, No. 4 (April 2005), pp. 545-547.
Key terms: electric pickle demonstration; atomic emission

Hogan, Hank. A Single Probe Does Double Duty.  Biophotonics International, March 2008.
Key terms: probe; fluorescence; single double-clad fiber

Connolly, C. Color preferences drive stickleback speciation. Biophotonics International, Nov. 2001.
Key terms: Fish nesting areas, color of; Stickleback; Fish coloration

Ingersoll, C.M.; Watkins, A. N.; Baker, G.A.; Bright, F.V. Applied Spectroscopy, Vol. 52, No. 7, 1998.
Key terms: Frequency-domain fluorescence; Fluorescence anisotropy; Bovine serum albumin; Acrylodan; ß-mercaptoethanol; Trypsin digestion

Hogan, Hank. Capturing Hot Fluorescent Images. Photonics Spectra, December 2006, pp. 115-117.
Key terms: fluorescence temperature; ruthenium

Warman, J.M.; Abellon, R.D.; Luthjens, L.H.; Suykerbuyk, J.W.A.; Verhey, H.J.; Verhoen, J.W. In situ monitoring of the radiation-induced polymerisation of methylmethacrylate using fluorogenic molecular probes. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 151, 1999, pp. 361-366.
Key terms: Fluorescent probes; Radiation-induced polymerisation; Gel-effect; Methylmethacrylate; Gamma-irradiation

Giordano, L.; Jovin, T.M.; Irie, M.; Jares-Erijman, E.A. Diheteroarylethenes as Thermally Stable Photoswitchable Acceptors in Photochromic Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer. Journal of American Chemical Society 2002, 124, 7481-7489.
Key terms: Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer; Fluorophores; Absorption spectra

Arnold, K.E.; Owens, I.P.F.; Marshall, N. J. Fluorescent Signaling in Parrots, Science, Vol. 295, 92, 4 January 2002. 
Key terms: Fluorescent pigments; Fluorescent signaling; Budgerigar parrots

Gustafsson, U.; Palsson, S.; Svanberg, S. Compact Fiber-optic Fluorosensor Using a Continuous-wave Violet Diode Laser and an Integrated Spectrometer. Review of Scientific Instruments, August, 2000, Vol. 71, No. 8, pp. 3004-3006.
Key terms: Fiber optic fluorosensor; Fluorescence signatures; SD2000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer

Mattley, Y. Fluorescence Spectroscopy Goes Miniature. Laboratory Equipment, Apr. 2003.
Key terms: Fluorescence spectroscopy; Fluorometers; Emission; Tags

No author given. Fluorescence cuts foil print waste. Opto & Laser Europe, Issue 65, Aug. 1999, p. 12.
Key terms: Foil printing; Fluorescence; Film thickness; Fluorophore; S2000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer

Tripathi, A.B.; Boyd, D.A.; Gallivan, M.A.; Atwater, H.A.; Murray, R.M.; Goodwin, D.G.; Raja, L.R.; Kee, R.J.; Musolf, J. A Stagnation-flow MOVCD Reactor for Intelligent Deposition of YBCO Thin Films. Presented to The Electrochemical Society, May 2000.
Key terms: In situ gas analysis; Metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD); Thin films

Varga, F.; Nemes, L. Emission spectroscopic studies of CO2-laser induced graphite plasmas. Journal of Molecular Structure, 480-481 (1999), 273-276.  
Key terms: Plasma; Graphite; Emission; CO2 laser; Diatomic

Aguirre, E.L. Hale-Bopp: The Great Comet of 1997. Sky and Telescope, Vol. 94, No. 1, July 1997.
Key terms: Comet Hale-Bopp; Emission lines; S2000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer

Robinson, M.K. Spectrometer Makes Astronomical Debut. Photonics Spectra, Vol. 31, Issue 10, Oct. 1997.
Key terms: S2000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer; Comet Hale-Bopp; Meade LX-200 telescope

Author unknown. Comet Hale-Bopp Spectra Obtained by Urban Amateur Astronomers. Excerpted from NASA's Comet Hale-Bopp Web site (http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/comet/sivo9.html), 1998.
Key terms: Comet Hale-Bopp; S2000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer

Templeton, A.C.; Han, Y-H.R.; Mahajan, R.; Chern, R.T.; Reed, R.A. Rapid Headspace Oxygen Analysis for Pharmaceutical Packaging Applications. Pharmaceutical Technology, Vol. 26, Number 7, July 2002. 
Key terms: Chromatography; Electrochemical analysis; Frequency-modulation spectroscopy; Fluorescence quenching; Quadrupole mass spectrometry; Headspace oxygen analysis; Modified atmosphere packaging (MAP); SF2000 Spectrometer

Boas, Gary. Spectrscopy Reveals Details of Hope Diamond. Photonics Spectra. January 2006, pp. 39-40.
Key terms: Hope diamond, blue diamond, phosphorescence, Raman

Juhaszova, M.; Zorov, D.; Kim, S-H.; Pepe, S.; Fu, Q.; Fishbein, K.W.; Ziman, B.D.; Wang, S.; Ytrehus, K.; Antos, C.L.; Olson, E.N.; Sollott, S.J.
Glycogen synthase kinase-3b mediates convergence of protection signaling to inhibit the mitochondrial permeability transition pore.
The Journal of Clinical Investigation, Vol. 113, No. 11, June 2004.
Key terms: Mitochondria; Hypoxia; Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS)

Matveeva, Evgenia; Gryczynski, Zygmunt; Gryczynski, Ignacy; Malicka, Joanna, Lakowicz, Joseph R. Myglobin Immunoassay Utilizing Directional Surface Plasma-Coupled Emission. Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 76, No.21, November 1, 2004, pp. 6287-6292.
Key terms: immunoassay; myoglobin; fluorescence emission

Ash, Caerwyn; Town, Godfrey; Bjerring, Peter. Relevance of the structure of Time-Resolved Spectral Output to Light-Tissue Interaction Using Intense Pulsed Light (IPL). Lasers in Surgery and Medicine, 40:83-92 (2008).
Key terms: IPL; selective photothermolysis; spectral footprint; square pulse; time-resolved spectroscopy

Hogan, Hank. You Are Not the Only One Who Needs Iron. Photonics Spectra, May 2007, p.33-34.
Key terms: iron, Antarctica, seawater

Klein, S.; Stratoudaki, T.; Zafiropulos, V.; Hildenhagen, J.; Dickmann, K.; Lehmkuhl, Th. Laser-induced Breakdown Spectroscopy for On-line Control of Laser Cleaning of Sandstone and Stained Glass. Applied Physics A, 69, pp. 441--444 (1999).
Key terms: laser cleaning, LIBS, laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy, sandstone, stained glass

Vergano, D. Laser 'breakdown' technique focuses on terrorist weapons. USA TODAY, Sept. 17, 2002.
Key terms: Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy; Bioterrorism; Anthrax

Beck, E. Lasers for Homeland Security, UPI, Sept. 20, 2002.
Key terms: Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy; Anthrax; Bacterial spores

Buckley, Steven G. LIBS Comes on Strong. Laser Focus World, February 2006, pp. 95-98.
Key terms: laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy; LIBS

Gornushkin, I.B.; Amponsah-Manager, K.; Smith, B.W.; Omenetto, N.; Winefordner, J.D. Microchip Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy: A Preliminary Feasibility Investigation. Applied Spectroscopy, August 2004.
Key terms: Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy; LIBS2000+; miniaturization of optical detectors

Hybl, John D.; Lithgow, Gregg A.; Buckley, Steven G. Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy Detection and Classification of Biological Aerosols. Applied Spectroscopy, Oct. 2003, pp. 1207-1215.
Key terms: Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS); Biological agent detection; Biological aerosols; Plasma spectroscopy

Jensen, S.; Anderson, M.E. Measuring ultrashort optical pulses in the presence of noise: an empirical study of the performance of spectral phase interferometry for direct electric filed reconstruction. Applied Optics, 1 February 2004, Vol. 43, No. 4
Key terms: Laser pulses; Interferogram; Interference patterns; Barium borate crystals

Fox, M.D.T.; Peters, C.; Blewett, I.J.; Hand, D.P.; Jones, J.D.C. Real-time, nonintrusive oxidation detection system for the welding of reactive aerospace materials. Applied Optics, Vol. 40, No. 36, Dec. 20, 2001.
Key terms: Laser welding; Gas shield condition; Stainless steel; Titanium

Boas, G. Welding System Monitors Gas Shield, Photonics Spectra, Vol. 36, Issue 4, Apr. 2002.
Key terms: Laser welding plume; Real-time monitoring; Aerospace alloys

From the editors. System Supports Laser Welding for Aerospace. Europhotonics, June/July 2002.
Key terms: Aerospace alloys; Laser welding plume; Nd:YAG laser

Appell, D. Lasing threads code fabrics. Laser Focus World, Jan. 1998.
Key terms: Spectra Science Corp.; Threads; Photonic thread; Laundry textiles; Isotropic laser; Fiber-coupled spectrometer

Fischer, Anne L. Analytical Method for Computing Color Patterns in LEDs. Photonics Spectra, June 2007, pp. 87-88.
Key terms: LED color pattern computation, LED array

University of Wisconsin-Madison, Materials Research Science and Engineering Center for Nanostructured Materials and Interfaces. LED Traffic Signal Measurement, excerpted from department Web site.
Key terms: LEDs; LED measurement; Traffic lights; CHEM2000 Spectrophotometer; Emission; Reflectance

From the editors. Rapid-Switching White LEDs. Europhotonics, October/November 2006, p. 42.
Key terms: LEDs, rapid-switching LEDs, white LEDs, HR2000

Bennett, A.W.; Watts, D.C. Performance of two blue light-emitting-diode dental light curing units with distance and irradiation-time. Dental Materials (2003).
Key terms: Dental curing; LEDs; Spectral output; Irradiance; Light curing units (LCUs)

Price, R.B.T.; Felix, C.A.; Andreou, P. Evaluation of a Second-Generation LED Curing Light. 
Key terms: Dental curing; LEDs; Dental resins; Light-curing units (LCUs)

Umnov, A.G.; Modrkovich, V.Z. Field-induced evaporation of carbon nanotubes, Applied Physics A 73, 301-304 (2001). 
Key terms: Light-emission spectra; Carbon nanotubes; Electron microscopy

Drollette, D. Spectrometer Makes Filmmakers See Red. Photonics Spectra, Dec. 1999.
Key terms: Fluorescent lights; Color temperature; Light measurement; Motion picture lighting; S2000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer; Eastman Kodak

Moakes, Greg; Bottomley, Lawrence A.; Janata, Jiri. Doping of Glass with Lithium Ion. Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 77, No. 4, February 15, 2005. pp. 1106-1110.
Key terms: lithium ion doping; LIBS

Womble, M.E.; Clarke, R.H.; Londhe, S.; Olafsson, J.P. Low-resolution Raman Method Offers Low Cost and Portability. Laser Focus World, April 1999, Vol. 35, No. 4, pp. 131-136.
Key terms: Low-resolution Raman; Low cost; Portability

No byline. Multispectral Imaging of the Archimedes Palimpsest. Advanced Imaging, Jan. 2003.
Key terms: RGB images; UV and Visible light; Manuscript analysis; Fluorescence

Merrick, A. Underwater Spectrometer Sheds Light on Ocean Floor. R&D Magazine, Feb. 1999, Vol. 41, No. 2.
Key terms: Fluorescence; Reflectance, Marine environment; Corals; S2000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer

Mazel, C.H. Diver-Operated Instrument for In Situ Measurement of Spectral Fluorescence and Reflectance of Benthic Marine Organisms and Substrates. Optical Engineering, 1997, Vol. 36, No. 9, pp. 2612-2617.  
Key terms: Remote sensing; Fluorescence; Reflectance; Benthic marine organisms; S1000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer; Spectrofluorometer

Mazel, C. Benthic SpectroFluorometer. Excerpted from Web site of the researcher (http://www.psicorp.com/mazel/research/bsf.bsf.htm), 1997.
Key terms: Benthic SpectroFluorometer (BSF); Corals; Downwelling; Benthic marine organisms

No byline given. Instrument Allows Measurement Of Underwater Fluorescence. Sea Technology, June 1996.
Key terms: Fluorescence; Ultraviolet light; Marine organisms; Corals; Benthic spectrofluorometer

Troy, C.T. Wrist Spectrofluorometer Probes the Depths. Photonics Spectra, Apr. 1996.
Key terms: Spectrofluorometer; Marine organisms; S1000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer

Scardelletti, Maximilian C. Detecting Microbes, in Space and on Earth. Biophotonics International, September 2006, pp.16-17.
Key terms: microbe detection, NIR dye

Wormhoudt, J.; Iannarilli Jr., F.J.; Jones, S.; Annen, K.D.; Freedman, A. Determination of Carbon in Steel by Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy Using a Microchip Laser and Miniature Spectrometer. Applied Spectroscopy, Vol. 59, No. 9, 2005.
Key terms: microchip laser; LIBS; Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy; laser plasmas; steel analysis

Juhaszova, Magdalena; Zorov, Dmitry B.; Kim, Suhn-Hee; Pepe, Savatore; Fu, Qin; Fishbein, Kenneth W.; Ziman, Bruce D.; Wang, Su; Ytrehus, Kirsti; Antos, Christopher L.; Olson, Eric N.; Sollott, Steven J. Glycogen synthase kinase 3-ß mediates convergence of protection signaling to inhibit the mitochondrial permeability transition pore. The Journal of Clinical Investigation, Volume 113, Number 11, June 2004, pp.1535--1549.
Key terms: mitochondria, reoxygenation, protection

Jenkins, A.L.; Uy, O.M.; Murray, G.M. Polymer Based Lanthanide Luminescent Sensors for the Detection of Nerve Agents. Analytical Communications, Aug.1997, Vol. 34, pp. 221-234.
Key terms: Luminescence spectrum; Sarin; Soman; Nerve agents, detection of; Lanthanide; S1000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer

Otto, C.M.; Baumgardner, J.E. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol, 280: C280-C287, 2001. Effect of culture PO2 on macrophage (RAW 264.7) nitric oxide production. 
Key terms: Nitric oxide synthase; Hypoxia, Diffusion; Inflammation; Tumor necrosis factor

Boas, Gary. Elastic Light Scattering Spectroscopy May Allow Noninvasive Cancer Detection. Biophotonics International, November 2005, pp. 20-22.
Key terms: noninvasive cancer detection; elastic light scattering

Balu, Mihaela; Hales, Joel; Hagan, David J.; Van Stryland, Eric W. Nonlinear Spectrometer Using a White-Light Continuum Z Scan. Nonlinear Optics, December 2005, p. 28.
Key terms: nonlinear spectrometer, LVF, Z-scan

Liu, Yang; Danielsson, Bengt. Fluorometric Broad-Range Screening of Compounds with Affinity for Nucleic Acids. Analytical Chemistry. Vol. 77, No. 8, April 15, 2005, pp. 2450-2454.
Key terms: nucleic acids, optical bioprobe

Ward, Jonathan M.; O'Shea, Danny G.; Shortt, Brian J.; Chormaic, Sile Nic. Optical Bistability in Er-Yb Codoped Phosphate Glass Microspheres at Room Temperature. Journal of Applied Physics, 102, 023104 (2007).
Key terms: optical bistability; phosphate glass; USB2000

Eisgruber, I.L.; Engel, J.R., Hollingsworth, R.E.; Bhat, P.K. Intelligent process control of indium tin oxide sputter deposition using optical emission spectroscopy. Journal of Vacuum Science Technology A (17(1), Jan./Feb. 1999.
Key terms: Optical emission spectroscopy; Thin films; End point detection

Hsu, Elizabeth R., Gillenwater, Ann M., Richards-Kortum, Rebecca R. Detection of the Molecular Changes Associated with Oral Cancer Using a Molecular-Specific Fluorescent Contrast Agent and Single-Wavelength Spectroscopy. Applied Spectroscopy, Volume 59, Number 9, 2005, pp. 1166-1174.
Key terms: fluorescent contrast agent; epidermal growth factor receptor; oral cancer

Boas, Gary. Organic Light-Emitting Diodes May Help Detect Kidney Damage. Biophotonics International, Spetember 2005, p. 58.
Key terms: organic LEDs, light-emitting diodes, kidney damage

d. Hierro, A.M.; Kronberger, W.; Hietz, P.; Offenthaler, I.; Richter, H. A new method to determine the oxygen concentration inside the sapwood of trees. Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol. 53, No. 368, pp. 559-563, March 2002.
Key terms: Fibre optic oxygen probe; Oxygen concentration; Sapwood; Transpiration

Mazumder, P.K.; O'Neill, B.T.; Roberts, M.W.; Buchanan, J.; Yun, U.J.; Cooksey, R.C.; Boudina, S.; Abel, E.D. Impaired Cardiac Efficiency and Increased Fatty Acid Oxidation in Insulin-Resistant ob/ob Mouse Hearts. Diabetes, Vol. 53, September 2004.
Key terms: Oxygen consumption, myocardial; Cardiac metabolism; Perfusion

Allen, C.B.; Schneider, B.K.; White, C.J. Limitations to oxygen diffusion in invitro cell exposure systems in hyperoxia and hypoxia. American Journal of Physiology Lung Cell Molecular Physiology, 281: L1021-L1027, 2001.
Key terms: Oxygen diffusion; In vitro cells; Permeability; Polystyrene; FOXY Fiber Optic Oxygen Sensor

Wang, W.; Reimers, C.E.; Wainright, S.C.; Shahriari, M.R.; Morris, M.J. Applying Fiber-Optic Sensors for Monitoring Dissolved Oxygen. Sea Technology, March 1999, Vol. 40, No. 3, pp. 69-74.
Key terms: Optrodes; Oxygen sensors; Sol gels; Ruthenium; Fluorescence; FOXY Fiber Optic Oxygen Sensors

Krihak, M.; Shahriari, M.R. A Highly Sensitive, All Solid State Fiber Optic Oxygen Sensor Based on the Sol-gel Coating Technique. Electronics Letters, 1996, Vol. 32, No. 3.
Key terms: Sol gels; Fluorescence; Oxygen sensors

Tzankov, P.; Buchvarov, I.; Fiebig, T. Broadband optical parametric amplification in the near UV-VIS.
Optics Communications 203 (2002) 107-113
Key terms: Parametric amplification; Amplification bandwidth; Frequency conversion; Femtosecond conversion; Femtosecond UV pulses; White-light continuum 

Kossakovski, D.; Beauchamp, J.L. Topographical and Chemical Microanalysis of Surfaces with a Scanning Probe Microscope and Laser-induced Breakdown Spectroscopy. Analytical Chemistry, Oct. 1, 2001, Vol. 72, No. 19, pp. 4731-4737.
Key terms: Plasma; S2000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer; Particle analysis; Topographical microanalysis; Chemical microanalysis; Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy

Bruder, Romain; Detalle, Vincent; Coupry, Claude. An Example of the Complementarity of Laser-induced Breakdown Spectroscopy and Raman Spectroscopy for Wall Painting Pigments Analysis. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 2007, 38, pp. 909-915.
Key terms: LIBS; Raman microscopy; pigment analysis; wall paintings; green earth

Longhe, Sameer; Bacon, Tina; Mattley, Yvette; Thomason, Jay. Grating Corrected Laser Stabilization: A Case Study in Pharmaceutical Raw Material Identification. Raman Technology for Today's Spectroscopists. June 2005, pp. 16-22.
Key terms: grating corrected laser stabilization; pharmaceutical material library; low-resolution Raman spectroscopy

Hogan, Hank. Spreading Out Laterally Enables a Phoshor-Free White LED. Photonics Spectra, May 2008, p. 101.
Key terms: phospher-free white LED; white light

Braun, D.; Vanasupa, L. Excerpted from POLYmer Electronics Project site (http://www.ee.calpoly.edu/~dbraun/polyelec/), 1999. 
Key terms: Photoluminescence, Electroluminescence and Polymer Processing Using Semiconducting Polymers; CHEM2000 Educational Grant Program

Savage, Lynn M. Metal-enhanced Fluorescence Could Aid Photodynamic Therapy. Biophotonics International, May 2008, pp. 56-57.
Key terms: photodynamic therapy; metal-enhanced fluorescence; cancer

Keranen, M.; Aro, E-M.; Tyystjarvi. Excitation-emission map as a tool in studies of photosynthetic pigment-protein complexes, Photosynthetica 37 (2): 225-237, 1999.
Key terms: CP43 chlorophyll a binding protein; D1 protein mutant; 77 K fluorescence emission; Photosynthetic pigment-proteins; Tobacco thylakoids

Colby, S.M.; Kearton, R.S. Use of a PC plug-in UV-Vis spectrometer to monitor the plasma conditions in GC-CRIMS. Poster session, PITTCON '98.
Key terms: Chemical Reaction Interface Mass Spectrometry; Gas chromatograph; Plasma analysis of isotopes

Bass, A.; Chevalier, C.; Blades, M.W. A capacitively coupled microplasma (CCµP) formed in a channel in a quartz wafer, Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 2001, 16 (Advanced Article). 
Key terms: Optical emission; He plasma; Microplasma

Medelci, N.; Tempez, A.; Starikov, D.; Badi, N.; Berishev, I.; Bensaoula, A. Etch Characteristics of GaN and BN Materials in Chlorine-Based Plasmas. Journal of ELECTRONIC MATERIALS, Vol. 29, No. 9, 2000.
Key terms: Plasma emission; Thin films; Chlorine; Optical emission spectroscopy

Schenkel, T.; Staples, J.W.; Thomae, R.W.; Reijone, J.; Gough, R.A.; Leung, K.N.; Keller, R. Plasma ignition schemes for the Spallation Neutron Source radio-frequency driven H- source, Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 73, No. 2, February 2002. 
Key terms: Plasma emission; Spallation Neutron Source; H- ion source

Boonyawan, D.; Davydov, S.; Yotsombat, B.; Chirapatpimol, N.; Vilaithong, T. Plasma emission in vacuum arc and rf-discharge plasma sources, Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 73, Number 2, February 2002.
Key terms: Optical emission; Plasma emission of copper vacuum arc; Carbon films

Kossakovski, D.; Beauchamp, J.L. Topographical and Chemical Microanalysis of Surfaces with a Scanning Probe Microscope and Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy, Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 72, No. 19, October 1, 2000.
Key terms: Chemical imaging; Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS); Elemental composition; Plasma plume, emission from

Shashar, N.; Sabbah, Shai; Cronin, Thomas W. Transmission of linearly polarized light in seawater: implications for polarization signaling, The Journal of Experimental Biology, 207, 3619-3628 (2004).
Key terms: partial linear polarization; polarization sensitivity; navigation; vision; communication

Ghosh, D.; Samal, G.S.; Biswas, A.K.; Mohapatra, Y.N. Laser-induced degradation studies of photoluminescence of PPV and CNPPV thin films. Thin Solid Films, article in press, 2004.
Key terms: Polymer photodegradation; Photooxidation; PL enhancement; PPV; CNPPV; Laser degradation

Su, X-L.; Li, Y. Quantum Dot Biolabeling Coupled with Immunonomagnetic Separation for Detection of Escherichia coli O157:H7. Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 76, No. 16, August 15, 2004. 
Key terms: Quantum dots; E. coli; Fluorescence markers; Emission

Rink, Alexandra; Vitkin, I. Alex; Jaffray, David A. Suitability of Radiochromic Medium for Real-time Optical Measurements of Ionizing Radiation Dose. Medical Physics, Vol. 32, No. 4, April 2005, pp. 1140-1155.
Key terms: radiation; ionizing

Boas, Gary. Raman Spectroscopy Detects Many Analytes at Once. Biophotonics International, June 2007, pp. 54-55.
Key terms: analytes, clinical analysis, Raman spectroscopy

Clarke, R.H.; Londe, S.; Womble, M.E. Low Resolution Raman Spectroscopy As An Analytical Tool for Organic Liquids. Spectroscopy, Oct. 1998, Vol. 13, No. 10, pp. 28-35.
Key terms: Organic liquids; Raman spectroscopy; near-IR; Ethanol; Propanol; Toulene; n-hexane; gasolines

DeGraff, B.A.H.; Hennip, M.; Jones, J.M.; Salter, C.; Schaertel, S.A. An Inexpensive Laser Raman Spectrometer Based on CCD Detection. Chem. Educator 2002, 7, 5-18.
Key terms: CCD detection; Raman spectroscopy

Baumgardner, J.E.; Markstaller, K.; Pfeiffer, B.; Doebrich, M.; Otto, C.M. Effects of Respiratory Rate, Plateau Pressure, and Positive End-Expiratory Pressure on PaO2 Oscillations after Saline Lavage. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Vol. 166, 2002.
Key terms: Respiratory distress syndrome; Atelectasis; Cyclic recruitment; Ventilator-associated lung injury

Anderson, Christopher D.; Lin, Wei-Chiang; Beckham, Josh; Mahadevan-Jansen, Anita; Buttemere, Clay R.; Pierce, Janene; Nicoud, Ian B.; Pinson, C. Wright; Chari, Ravi S. Fluorescence spectroscopy accurately detects irreversible cell damage during hepatic radiofrequency ablation. SURGERY, August 2004, Vol. 136, No. 3, pp.  524-529.
Key terms: hepatic radiofrequency ablation (RFA); fluorescence spectroscopy

Wang, C.C.; Li, C.I.; Lin, Y.H.; Chau, L.K. Detection of Riboflavin Based on Fluorescent Enhancement of Evanescent-Wave Excited ß-Cyclodextrin Complex in Sol-Gel-Derived Porous Coatings. Applied Spectroscopy, January 2000, Vol. 54, No. 1, pp. 15-19.
Key terms: Fiber optics; Evanescent wave; Riboflavin; Sol-gel; ß-Cyclodextrin 

Campagnola, Paul J.; Millard, Andrew C.; Terasaki, Mark; Hoppe, Pamela E.; Malone, Christian J.; Mohler, William A. Three-Dimensional High-Resolution Second-Harmonic Generation Imaging of Endogenous Structural Proteins in Biological Tissues. Biophysical Journal, Vol. 81, Jan. 2002, pp. 493-508.
Key terms: Second-harmonic generation; Second-harmonic imaging microscopy; USB2000, laser frequency doubling; biological sensing

Lee, I-Yin Sandy; Suzuki, Honoh; Ito, Kanako; Yasuda, Yuske. Surface-Enhanced Fluorescence and Reverse Saturable Absorption on Silver Nanoparticles. J. Phys. Chem. B 2004, 108, pp. 19368-19372.
Key terms: silver nanoparticles; Chem2000, SERS

Bi, M.; Ruiz, A.M., Smith, B.; Winefordner, J.D. Study of Solution Calibration of NIST Soil and Glass Samples by Laser Ablation Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectrometry. Applied Spectroscopy, May 2000.
Key terms: Plasma mass spectrometry; Glass; Soil; Laser ablation

Authors unknown. Excerpted from Williams College web site (http://www.williams.edu/Astronomy/eclipse99), "The Solar Exclipses of 1999," 1999.
Key terms: Innovations In Educational Spectroscopy Grant Program; Spectroscopic Evaluation of Extremely Narrow-Band Filters for Solar Eclipse Use

Schmidt, Werner. Sparlampe vs. Glühlampe Ein photo-biophysikalischer Vergleich. Optometrie, 3/2007.
Key terms: sparlampe; glühlampe; USB2000; UV; LCD; LED

Boughman, J.W. Divergent sexual selection enhances reproductive isolation in sticklebacks. Nature, Vol. 411, June 2001, pp. 944-948
Key tems: Sexual selection; Sticklebacks (Gasterosteus spp.); Spectral radiance; Ambient light

No Byline. QC/QA for the Bovine Set. TechWow! Vol. 1 No. 1, Sep. 2003, p. 11.
Key terms: Artificial breeding; Sperm viability monitoring; FOXY-P1600 Oxygen Sensor

Stone, R. Bracing for the Big One on Montserrat. Science, Vol. 299, March 28, 2003.
Key terms: Sulfur dioxide flux; Ultraviolet spectrometers; Gas monitors

Edmonds, M.; Herd, R.A.; Galle, B.; Oppenheimer, C.M. Automated, high time-resolution measurements of SO2 flux at Soufrière Hills Volcano, Montserrat. Bull Volcano1 (2003) 65:578-586.
Key terms: Sulfur dioxide flux; Emission rates; Remote monitoring

Wanilairat, S.; Vilaithong, T.; Rhodes, M.; Hoffmann, W. High Resolution Emission Spectra of CaF2: Tm. Radiation Protection Dosimetry, Vol. 88, No. 4, pp. 307-310, 2000. 
Key terms: CaF2:Tm (TLD-300) emission spectra; Thermoluminescence; Thermoluminescence chips; Dosimetry

Rhodes, M.W.; Wanwilairat, S.; Vilaithong, T.; Hoffmann, W. Low cost high resolution thermoluminescence spectrometer. Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 71, No. 5, 2000.
Key terms: TLD300 materials; Thermoluminescence dosimetry spectroscopy

Reilly, A.; Allmond, C.; Watson, S.; Gammon, J. Pulsed laser deposition with a high average power free electron laser: Benefits of subpicosecond pulses with a high repetition rate. Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 93, No. 5, March 1, 2003.
Key terms: Pulsed laser deposition; Thin films; Ablation; Plasma emission

Poston, Pete E. What's New - Time-Gated Spectrofluorometer for Detecting Fluorophores in Liquids and Powders. Applied Spectroscopy, Oct. 2003, pp. 297a-298a.
Key terms: Fluorescence, Picomolar-range; Time-gated, Lanthanides; Photoluminescence

Freitag, L.; Korupp, A.; Itzigehl, I.; Dankwart, F.; Tekolf, E.; Reichle, G.; Kullman, H.J.; Macha, H.N. Erfarungen mit Fluoreszenzdiagnostic und photodynamischer Therapie im multimodalen Therapiekonzept des operierten, rezidivierenden Bronchialkarzinoms (German-language title). Pneumologie, 1996, Vol. 50, pp. 693-699.
Key terms: Endoscopy; Tissue autofluorescence; Bronchial cancer; PC1000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer
Notes: This is a German-language paper.

Gu, Y.; Bourke, V.A.; Kim. J.G; Constantinescu, A.; Mason, R.P.; Liu, H. Dynamic response of breast tumor oxygenation to hyperoxic respiratory challenge monitored with three oxygen-sensitive parameters. Applied Optics, Vol. 42, No. 16, 1 June 2003.
Key terms: Hypoxia; Tumor oxygenation; Oxygenation 

Premasiri, W.R.; Clarke, R.H.; Womble, W.E. Urine Analysis by Laser Raman Spectroscopy.
Lasers in Surgery and Medicine.
Key terms: Urine analysis; Laser Raman spectroscopy

Oliver, H.; Moseley, H. The use of diode array spectroradiometers for dosimetry in phytotherapy. Physics in Medicine and Biology, 47 (24): 4411-4421, Dec, 21, 2002.
Key terms: Ultraviolet-radiation; UV Dosimetry; Guidelines

Seely, J.F.; Feldman, Uri; Holland, G.E.; Weaver, J.L.; Mostovych, A.N.; Obenchain, S.P.; Schmitt, A.J.; Lehmberg, R.; Kjornarattanawanich, Benjawan; Back, C.A. Absolutely Calibrated Vacuum Ultraviolet Spectra in the 150 nm to 250 nm Range from Plasmas Generated by the Nike KrF Laser. Physics of Plasmas, 23 February 2005.
Key terms: vacuum ultraviolet; VUV; NIKE KrF laser

Author Unknown. Volumetric Bragg Grating Dramatically Cuts Laser Bandwidth, Photonics Spectra, March 2006, pp. 107-108
Key terms: volumetric Bragg grating, laser

Niece, Brian K.; Lourigan, Gary A. Simultaneous Display of Spectral Images and Graphs Using a Web Camera and Fiber-Optic Spectrophotometer. Journal of Chemical Education, Vol. 83, No. 5, May 2006, pp. 761--764.
Key terms: web camera; simultaneous display; classroom

Hogan, Hank. Another Way to Build a Better White Light. Photonics Spectra, May 2008, pp. 100-101.
Key terms: white light; iridium complex

Shaikh, Nek M.; Rashid, B.; Hafeez, S.; Jamil, Y.; Baig, M.A. Measurement of Electron Density and Temperature of a Laser-induced Zinc Plasma. Journal of Physics. March 2006, pp. 1384 -- 1391.
Key terms: zinc plasma, LIBS, laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy 

Korge, Paavo; Honda, Henry M.; Weiss, James N. Protection of Cardiac Mitochondria by Diazoxide and Protein Kinase C: Implications for Ischemic Preconditioning. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 99 No. 5, March 2002, pp. 3312-3317.
Key terms:
Fluorescence of mitochondria; Spectrofluorimeter

Tiihonen, Mikael; Pasiskevicius, Valdas; Laurell, Fredrik; Hammarstrom, Per; Lindgren, Mikael. Novel UV-OPO Laser for Remote Sensing of Biological Warfare Agents, 2003, SPIE, Vol. 5240, pp. 127-136.
Key terms: Fluorescence; Ultraviolet laser; Optical parametric oscillator; Sum-frequency mixing; Chemical sensing; Biological sensing; USB2000

Christensen, S.D.; Ong, K.K.; Premasiri, W.R.; Womble, M.E.; Clarke, R.H.; Verlev, O.; Tessier, P. Detection and Identification of Chemical Agents in Water Using Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy. 22nd Army Science Conference, Dec. 2000.
Key terms: Chemical agents; Water; Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (SERS)

Shahriari, M.R.; Murtaugh, M.T.; Kwon, H.C. Ormosil Thin Films for Chemical Sensing Platforms. Chemical, Biochemical and Environmental Fiber Sensors IX, 1997, Vol. 3105, pp. 40-51.
Key terms: Fiber sensors; Chemical sensing; Ormosil

Thomas, G.; Petrie, C.; Loeppke, N.; Bauerly, M.; Mills, R.; Rick, M.; Wyatt, B.; Reagan, R.; Cabrol, N.; Dow, S.; Fischer, S.; McClarigan, S.; Steele, J.; Wagner, J. Project MARVIN: Mars Advanced Robotic Visualization Initiative. Proceedings of the 1999 Iowa Space Grant Consortium Conference; presented as poster.
Key terms: GROK Lab; Project Marvin; Chlorophyll analysis; Mars exploration; NASA Ames Research Center
Notes: This paper is available in .pdf format at
http://grok.ecn.uiowa.edu. Select Publications, then scroll down to Conference Proceedings and select "Project MARVIN: Mars Advanced Robotic Visualization Initiative."

D'Sa, E.J.; Lohrenz, S.E.; Asper, V.L.; Walters, R.A.; Morris, M.J.; Rathbun, C. A Multi-Sensor In Situ Fiber Optic Fluorometer. Ocean Optics XII, 1994, SPIE, Vol. 2258.
Key terms: Fluorescence; Chlorophyll fluorescence; Photomultiplier tube; In situ; Fluorometer

Rickus, J.L.; Tobin, A.J.; Zink, J.I.; Dunn, B.S. Enzyme-Doped Thin Films and Optical Fiber Sensors for Glutamate. Sol-Gel Optics VI, Edward J.A. Pope, Helmut K. Schmidt, Shuichi Shibata, Editors, Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 4804. 
Key terms: Thin films; Glutamate; Optical sensors; Sol-gels; Central nervous system; Biosensors; Biomolecules

Koch, Gwynne D. Biosensing with 'holey' fibers. Optics Express, July 25, 2005, pp. 5883-5889.
Key terms: holey fibers; biosensing

Nyasulu, Frazier; van Zee, James A.; Cusworth III, William, Macklin, John. Hypothesis Testing Inclusion in the Atomic Emission Spectrum of Hydrogen Experiment. The Chemical Educator, 2005, 10, 1-3.
Key terms: hypothesis testing; hydrogen experiment

Mueller, R.E. Real Time Monitoring of Laser Weld Plume Temperature and Species Concentration. Proceedings of 15th International Congress on Applications of Lasers and Electro-Optics, ICACLEO, 1996.
Key terms: Laser welding; Plume temperature; Laser weld monitoring; PC1000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer

Womble, M.E.; Clarke, R.H.; Premasiri, W.R. Applications of Low-resolution Raman Spectroscopy. SPIE Environmental and Industrial Sensor Symposium, Sept., 1999.
Key terms: Low-resolution Raman spectroscopy 

Austin, E.A.D.; Dakin, J.P. Opto-electronic systems for addressing Ru oxygen sensors: their design optimization and calibration process. Fiber Optic Sensor Technology and Applications 2001, Michael A. Marcus, Brian Culshaw Editors, Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 4758 (2002).
Key terms: Ru oxygen sensors; Dissolved oxygen; Fluorescent indicators

Krihak, M.; Murtaugh, M.T.; Shahriari. M.R. Fiber Optic Sensors Based on the Sol-gel Coating Technique. Chemical, Biochemical and Environmental Fiber Sensors VIII, 1996, Vol. 2836, pp. 87-98.
Key terms: Fiber optic; Oxygen sensors; Sol gel

Kirkpatrick, G.J.; Kamykowski, D.; Reed, R.E. Phytoplankton Quantum Yield Measured on Minute Time Scales In Situ. Ocean Optics XIII, 1997, SPIE Vol. 2963, pp. 868-873
Key terms: In situ quantum yield; Attenuation spectra; Phytoplankton; Downwelling irradiance spectra

Chevalier, E.; Maquin, P. An innovative integrated plasma tool for process and exhaust monitoring. SPIE Conference on Microelectronic Manufacturing, 1999, SPIE Vol. 3884.
Key terms: Gas analysis; Plasma technology; Plasma analysis; Process control; On-line monitoring; Optical Emission Spectroscopy (OES); Semiconductor processing

Staples, J.; Schenkel, T. High-Efficiency Matching Network for RF-Driven Ion Sources. Presented at Particle Accelerator Conference, 2001.
Key terms: Plasma generator; RF ion sources; Plasma monitoring; Faraday Cup Current

Battiste, D.R.; Knudsen, R.D.; Kreischer, B.E.; McDaniel, M.P.; Martin, J.L.; Benham, E.A.; Womble, M.E.; Deschaines, T. On-line Raman Analysis of Ethylene and Hexene in the Chevron Phillips 1-Hexene and Polyethylene Processes. Gulf Coast Conference, Sept., 2000.
Key terms: On-line; Raman; Ethylene; Hexene; Polyethylene; Processes

Baum, M.M. Evaluation of IR and UV Based Technologies for the Optical Sensing of Molecules in Process Exhausts. ISA Conference on Optical Sensing for Environmental and Process Monitoring, Nov. 1996.
Key terms: Optical sensing; Process exhausts analysis; UV Differential Optical Absorption (UVDOAS); Non-Dispersive IR (NDIR) spectroscopy

Author unknown. Quantitative Absorbance Spectrophotometry. The Application Notebook, March 2007, p. 21.
Key terms: quantitative; absorbance; spectrophotometry

Fischer, Anne L. A Brighter Blue. Photonics Spectra, January 2008, pp. 122-123.
Key terms: quantum dots; blue LED; flat panel displays; solid state lighting

Law, D.B.; Carapezza, E.M.; Csandi, C.J.; Edwards, G.D.; Hintz, T.M.; Tong, R.M. Multi-Spectral Signature Analysis Measurements of Selected Sniper Rifles and Small Arms. SPIE, 1997, Vol. 2938, pp. 288-298.
Key terms: Muzzle flash; Spectral radiance; Radiance; Spectroradiometer; Sniper rifle muzzle flash analysis; Small arms; Muzzle breaks; PC1000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer

Christensen, S.D.; Ong, K.K.; Premasiri, W.R.; Womble, M.E.; Clarke, R.H. Detection and Identification of Chemical Agents in Water Using Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (SERS) on Gold and Silver Doped Sol-gels. First Joint Conference on Point Detection for Chemical and Biological Defense, Oct., 2000.
Key terms: Chemical agents; Water; Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (SERS); Sol-gels

Premasiri, W.R.; Womble, W.E.; Clarke, R.H. SERS Sensor for
In-situ Determination and Identification of Chemical Agents in Water by Low Resolution Raman Spectroscopy Using Solid-state Sol-gel Substrate. Federation of Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy Societies 2000 Meeting, Sept. 2000.
Key terms: SERS sensor; Chemical agents; Low-resolution Raman spectroscopy; Solid-state sol-gel substrate

Zeng, H.; MacAulay, C.; McLean, D.I.; Lui, H.; Palcic, B. Miniature Spectrometer and Multi-Spectral Imager as a Potential Diagnostic Aid in Dermatology. BIOS '95, 1995, SPIE Vol. 238, Paper No. 09.
Key terms: Tissue autofluorescence spectroscopy; Tissue reflectance spectroscopy; Tissue autofluorescence imaging; Skin imaging; Multi-spectral imaging; Optical diagnosis; Skin diseases; PC1000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer

Baum, M.M. Characterizing and Analyzing Components of Vehicle Exhaust Emissions by UV Spectroscopy. World Car Conference, University of California at Riverside, 1997.
Key terms: Air Instruments and Measurements; Vehicle exhaust emissions analysis

 

Nyasulu, Frazier W.; Cusworth III, William; Weiner, John; Macklin, John. Qualitative and Multi-Element Quantitative Flame Emission Analysis of Group IA and Group IIA Elements Using a Flame Photometer, a Fiber Optic Probe and a Spectrometer. Department of Chemistry, University of Washington, 2005.
Key terms: general chemistry; atomic spectroscopy; quantitative analysis

Meroni, M.; Colombo, R.; Cogliati, S. High resolution leaf spectral signature for the detection of solar induced chlorophyll fluorescence. University of Tuscia, Italy and University of Milan, Italy.
Key terms: chlorophyll fluorescence; HR2000 Spectrometer

Blazquez, C.H.; Hedley, L.E. Densitometric Measurements of Aerial Color Infrared Photographs of Citrus Trees with a Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer. Manuscript prepared by the University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Services, circa 1996.
Key terms: Color infrared photography; Densitometric; Citrus trees; SD1000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer

Nemes, L.; Mohai, M.; Donkó, Z.; Bertóti, I. Detection of CN radicals in DC nitrogren plasma used or deposition of CNx layers. Submitted for publication in Spectrochimica Acta Part A (1999)
Key terms: DC plasma; Emission spectra; CN radicals; CNx layers

Lien, D.J. Just What Good is a College Observatory? Presentation prepared by Vanguard Research, Inc., 1997. 
Key terms: Sun and atmospheric transmission; College observatory; Hydrogen emission spectra; S2000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer

Olmedo, R. Modern Methods on Whiteness Evaluation. Non-contact Spectrophotometry. Presented at 5th World Conference on Detergents, Oct. 13-17, 2002, Montreux, Switzerland
Key terms: Emissive color; Laundry; UV & Visible Spectrophotometry; Cotton

DuBose, S.M.; Morgan, S.L. Fluorescence Determination of Oxygen. Experiment for students in Dept. of Chemistry & Biochemistry, University of South Carolina, 2001.
Key terms: Fluorescence quenching; Oxygen; Water; Stern-Volmer Equation

Verbeek, E.R. Fluorescence Emission Spectrum of Genthelvite from Sterling Hill, New Jersey. Submitted for 2003 publication in Journal of the Franklin-Ogdensburg Mineralogical Society.
Key terms: Fluorescence; Green fluorescence; Genthelvite; Emission

Taczak, T.; Killinger, D. Technical Information Packet for Establishing a Vehicle Laser Radar Test Laboratory. Report prepared by The Vehicle Laser Radar Test Laboratory at the University of South Florida, Tampa, Fla., 1996.
Key terms: Vehicle laser radar calibration tests; HeNe reference laser; PS1000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer

Nicola, J.H.; Nicola, E.M.D. Wavelength, frequency and color: absolute or relative concepts? Abstract from Dept. of Ophthalmo-otorhinolaryngology, and Center for Experimental Medicine and Surgery (NMCE), School of Medical Sciences (FCM) -- State University of Campinas - UNICAMP, Campinas, SP, Brazil. Accepted Oct. 2002 for publication in Journal of Clinical Laser Medicine & Surgery.
Key terms: Medical lasers; Laser radiations; Low Level Laser Therapy

Moore, B.K.; Platt, J.A.; Clark, H.E.; Duke, E.S. Properties of 3 commercial LED, blue-light activating units. Presented at the International Association For Dental Research, 2002.
Key terms: LED emission; LED curing; Color measurement; Intraoral applications

Fitzgerald, N.S. LIBS of Aerosolized Carbon, Senior Thesis, University of Washington, Advisor: Michael Yost, Dept. of Environmental Health, Spring 2003.
Key terms: LIBS; Carbon; Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy; Lactose; Graphite

Hogan, Hank. Diving into the Deep Blue Sea. Biophotonics International, August 2005, pp. 34-39.
Key terms: ocean sampling; light emission

Anoopkumar-Dukie, S.; Carey, J.; O'Sullivan, E.; McAndrew, N.An Investigation to Confirm Dissolved Oxygen Concentration in Cellular Medium Used for a Radiobiology Hypoxia Study. Date unknown.
Key terms: Hypoxia; Oxygen; Radiation; HeLa cells; Resazurin

Pitt, C., Livestock Improvement Corporation, Ltd., Hamilton, New Zealand. Customer application note regarding determination of the oxygen content of bovine sperm, April 2002.
Key terms: Oxygen assay; Bovine sperm; Reactive oxygen species (ROD); Peroxidases; FOXY Fiber Optic Oxygen Sensor

Ligon, T. Customer correspondence re: Doppler Broadening Spectrometer Project, 1998.
Key terms: Doppler shift; Hydrogen Balmer series; Plasma

Tanaka, T.; Nagai, H.; Ito, M.; Hori, M.; Goto, T. Effects of Molecular Structure of Feed Gases on Oxide Etching Using UHF Fluorocarbon Plasma. Source and date unknown.
Key terms: Fluorocarbon plasma; Optical emission spectroscopy; Perflurocarbons

Young, G.J. Award-winning science-fair project on kinetic temperature changes in plasmas. 
Key terms: Paschen-type apparatus; Electrostatic fields; Plasmas, kinetic temperature changes in 

Schrum, K.F. The use of Raman spectroscopy for the identification of plastics in the undergraduate lab. Abstract submitted to American Chemical Society and Journal of Chemical Education, 2001.
Key terms: Raman spectroscopy; Undergraduate lab; Plastics; Polymers

Donohue, D.L.; Earl, G.W.; Viste, A. Using the Ocean Optics R-2000 Raman Spectrometer in the Undergraduate Laboratory. Presented at the South Dakota Academy of Science, Moorhead, Minn., Apr. 28-29, 2000.
Key terms: Undergraduate laboratory; Raman Spectrometer

Murray, T.M. Use of a Low-Cost Silicon Diode-Array Spectroradiometer to Measure Solar UV-B. Manuscript prepared by Section of Plant Biology, University of California at Davis, circa 1996.
Key terms: Spectroradiometer; Radiation; Solar UV-B radiation; S1000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer

Lilledahl, Magnus B.; Haugen, Olav A.; Barkost, Marianne; Svaasand, Lars O. Reflection Spectroscopy of Atherosclerotic Plaque. Journal of Biomedical Optics, March/April 2006, Vol 11(2), pp. 021005-1--021005-7.
Key terms: atherosclerosis; fiber probe; near-infrared reflection spectroscopy; vulnerable placque

Darst, Catherine R.; Cummings, Molly E. Predator Learning Favors Mimicry of a Less-Toxic Model in Poison Frogs. Nature, Vol. 440, March 9, 2006, pp. 208--211.
Key terms: batesian mimicry; poison frogs; color analysis

Broschat, Shira L.; Loge, Frank J.; Peppin, Jason D.; White, Davis; Call, Douglas R.; Kuhn, Edward. Optical Reflectance Assay for Detection of Biofilm. Journal of Biomedical Optics, July/August 2005, Vol. 10(4), pp. 044027-1 -- 044027-6.
Key terms: biofilm measurement, reflectance assay

Zurer, P. Porous Silicon Biosensor. C&E News, Sept. 15, 1977.
Key terms: Silicon; Porous silicon; Biosensor; Molecular recognition elements

Abrams, S.B. Versatile biosensor is compact and cheap. Biophotonics International, Jan.-Feb. 1998.
Key terms: Chemical recognition molecules; Biosensor; Porous silicon; Miniature charge-coupled device spectrometer

Foarsier, K., et al. Females increase offspring heterozygosity and fitness through extra-pair matings. Nature, Vol. 425, 16 October 2003.
Key terms: Bird color; Reflectance spectrometery; Blue tits

Thery, M. Spectrometer Gives Scientists a Bird's Eye View of Mating Rituals.
Biophotonics International, Sept./Oct. 1995, pp. 58-59.
Key terms: Mating habits; Tropical birds; Rain forest; UV reflectance; Bird feathers, reflectance of; PS1000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer

Pryke, S.R.; Lawes, M.J.; Andersson, S. Agonistic carotenoid signaling in male red-collared widowbirds: aggression related to the colour signal of both the territory owner and model intruder. Animal Behaviour, 2001, 62, 695-704; available online at www.idealibrary.com
Key terms: Mate attraction in widowbirds; Bird pigmentation; Coloration; Carotenoid

Pryke, S.R.; Andersson, S.; Lawes, M.J. Sexual Selection of Multiple Handicaps in the Red-Collared Widowbird: Female Choice of Tail Length But Not Carotenoid Display. Evolution, 55(7), 2001, pp. 1452-1463.
Key terms: Mate attraction in widowbirds; Bird pigmentation; Carotenoid coloration; Euplectes ardens; Female choice; Sexual selection

Bean, J.C.; Peticolas, L.J.; Lum, R.; McDonald, M.L. Simple equipment tolerant reflectometry for monitoring of molecular beam epitaxy and metalorganic chemical vapor deposition growth. Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology, 1996, Vol. 14, No. 3 , pp. 946-951.
Key terms: Reflectometry; Chemical vapor deposition growth; Molecular beam epitaxy; Modular spectrometers

Schalles, J.F.; Gitelson, A.A.; Yacobi, Y.Z., Kroenke, A.E. Estimation of Chlorophyll a From Time Series Measurements of High Spectral Resolution Reflectance in an Eutrophic Lake. Journal of Phycology, 34, 393-390 (1998).
Key terms: Chlorophyll a; Spectral reflectance; Algae

Puurunen, R.L.; Beheydt, B.G.; Weckhuysen, B.M. Monitoring Chromia/Alumina Catalysts in Situ during Propane Dehydrogenation by Optical Fiber UV-Visible Diffuse Reflectance Spectroscopy. Journal of Catalysis 204, 253-257 (2001)
Key terms: Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy; Chromia/Alumina catalysts; Alkane dehydrogenation; Catalyst deactivation; Chromium; Fiber Optics

Paleologos, E.K.; Prodromidis, M.I.; Giokas, D.L.; Pappas, A.C.; Karayannis, M.I. Highly selective spectrophotometric determination of trace cobalt and development of a reagentless fiber-optic sensor. Analytica Chimica Acta 467 (2002), 205-215.
Key terms: Cobalt; Spectrophotometry; PAN; Fiber-optic sensor; Central composite design; Wastewater; Pharmaceuticals; Alloys

Dominy, N.J.; Lucas, P.W. Ecological importance of trichomatic vision to primates. Nature, Vol. 410, March 15, 2001.
Key terms: Colour vision; Howler monkeys (genus Alouatta); Trichomatic; Fruits; Leaves

Lucas, P.W.; Beta, T.; Darvell, B.W.; Dominy, N.J.; Essackjee, H.C.; Lee, P.K.D.; Osorio, D.; Ramsden, L.; Yamashita, N.; Yuen, T.D.B. Field Kit to Characterize Physical, Chemical and Spatial Aspects of Potential Primate Foods. Folia Primatol 2001; 72:11-25
Key terms: Feeding; Food chemistry; Food physics; Mechanics; Colour vision; Diet; Spatial ecology; Geographic Information Systems

Greb, Karen E.; Investigating ambient light for color signal evolution. Biophotonics International, August 2004.
Key terms: color signal evolution; ambient light; S1000 Spectrometer; DH2000 Deuterium-Halogen Light Source

Lawson, Merlin; Leavitt, Bryan; Rundquist, Donald; Emanuel, Nicholas; Perk, Richard; Keck, Jennifer; Hauschild, Michael. Compensating for Irradiance Fluxes When Measuring the Spectral Reflectance of Corals In Situ. GIScience & Remote Sensing, 2006, 43, No. 2, pp. 111-127.
Key terms: corals, irradiance flux compensation, spectral reflectance

Bean, J.C.; Peticolas, L.J.; Lum, R.; McDonald, M.L. Simple Equipment Tolerant Reflectometry for Monitoring of Molecular Beam Epitaxy and Metalorganic Chemical Vapor Deposition Growth. Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology, 1996, Vol. 14, pp. 946-951.
Key terms: Reflectometry; Molecular beam epitaxy; Crystal growth monitoring; PS1000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer

How, Ole-Jacob; Aasum, Ellen; Severson, David L.; Chan, W.Y. Anna; Essop, M. Fadiel; Larsen, Terje S. Increased Myocardial Oxygen Consumption Reduces Cardiac Effficiency in Diabetic Mice. Diabetes, Vol. 55, Februaury 2006, pp. 466--473.
Key terms:
diabetes, diabetic cardiomyopathy, fluorescence, FOXY

Payne, F.A.; Gates, R.S.; Fannin, B. Measurement Precision for a Fiber Optic Diffuse Reflectance Sensor. Transactions of ASAE, Vol. 39, No. 6, pp. 2193-2198.
Key terms: Fiber Optic; Diffuse Reflectance Sensor; Reflectance

Subhash, N.; Mallia, J. R.; Thomas, S.S.; Mathews, A.; Sebastian, P.; Madhavan, J. Oral Cancer Detection Using Diffuse Reflectance Spectral Ratio R540/R575 of Oxygenated Hemoglobin Bands. Journal of Biomedical Optics, January/February 2006, Vol. 11(1), pp. 014018-1--014018-1014018-6.
Key terms: diffuse reflectance spectroscopy; oral cancer diagnosis; hemoglobin absorption peaks; reflectance spectral ratio R540/R575

Stach, S.; Benard, J.; Giurfa, M. Local-feature assembling in visual pattern recognition and generalization in honeybees. Nature, Vol. 429, 17 June 2004, pp. 758-761.
Key terms: Stimuli; Honeybees; Disk color; Visual features; Achromatic L-photoreceptor

Lovat, L.B.; Johnson, K.; Mackenzie G.D.; Clark, B.R.; Novelli, M.R.; Davies, S.; O'Donovan, M.; Selvasekar, C.; Thorpe, S.M.; Pickard, D.; Fitzgerald, R.; Fearn, T.; Bigio, I.; Bown, S.G. Elastic scattering spectroscopy accurately detects high grade dysplasia and cancer in Barrett's oesophagus. Gut Online, www.gutjnl.com, Feb. 9, 2006.
Key terms: elastic scattering spectroscopy, Barrett's oesophagus, dysplasia detection, cancer

Ezbiri, A.; Kanellopoulos, S.E.; Handerek, V.A. High resolution instrumentation system for fibre-Bragg grating aerospace sensors. Optics Communications, 150 (1998) 43-48. 
Key terms: Reflectance; Fiber Bragg grating sensors; Signal processing
 

Yao, G.; Liu, K.S.; Hsieh, F. A New Method for Characterizing Fiber Formation in Meat Analogs during High-moisture Extrusion. Journal of Food Science, Vol. 9, Nr. 7, 2004, pp. E303-E307.
Key terms: fiber formation measurement; meat analogs; high-moisture extrusion; soy proteins; fluorescence polarization spectroscopy; USB2000 Spectrometer

Seehausen, Ole; van Alphen, J.J.M.; Witte, F. Cichlid Fish Diversity Threatened by Eutrophication That Curbs Sexual Selection. SCIENCE, 1997, Vol. 277, pp. 1808-1811.
Key terms: Cichlid fish species; Eutrophication; Fish coloration; PS1000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer

Buttemere, Clay R.; Chari, Ravi S.; Anderson, Christopher D.; Washington, M. Kay; Mahadevan-Jansen, Anita; Lin, Wei-Chiang. In vivo assessment of thermal damage in the liver using optical spectroscopy. Journal of Biomedical Optics 9(5), pp. 1018-1027 (September/October 2004).
Key terms: diffuse reflectance; fluorescence spectroscopy; radio-frequency ablation; thermotherapies

Summers, K.; Cronin, T.W.; Kennedy, T. Variation in spectral reflectance among populations of Dendrobates pumilio, the strawberry poison frog, in Bocas del Toro Archipelago, Panama. Journal of Biogeography, 30, 35-53.
Key terms: Amphibian; Neotropical; Central America; Poison frog; Spectral reflectance; Colour; Polymorphism; Archipelago; Aposematism; Divergence

Lamontagne, Nancy D. Optical Coherence Tomography Used to Study Frogs. EuroPhotonics, December/January 2008, p. 68.
Key terms: Costa Rican tree frogs; optical coherence tomography(OCT); NIR; pterorhodin pigment

Zhang, Rong; Verkruysse, Wim; Choi, Bernard; Viator, John A.; Jung, Byungjo; Svaasand, Lars O.; Aguilar, Guillermo; Nelson, J. Stuart. Determination of Human Skin Optical Properties from Spectrophotometric Measurements Based on Optimization by Generic Algorithms. Journal of Biomedical Optics, March/April 2005, Vol, 10(2), pp. 024030-1 to 024030-11.
Key terms: Genetic algorithms; skin optical properties; visual reflectance spectrum; diffusion approximation; port wine stain

Stuart, Douglas A.; Yonzon, Chandra Ranjit, Zhang, Xiaoyu; Lyandres, Olga; Shah, Nilam C.; Glucksburg, Matthew R.; Walsh, Joseph T.; Van Duyne, Richard P. Glucose Sensing Using Near-Infrared Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy: Gold Surface, 10-Day Stability, and Improved Accuracy. Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 77, No. 13, July 1, 2005, pp. 4013-4019.
Key terms: glucose sensing; Raman spectroscopy; diabetes

Hamad, Mazen L.; Kailasam, Srividya; Brodsky, Anatol M.; Han, Ronald; Higgins, John P.; Thomas, Denise; Reed, Robert A.; Burgess, Lloyd W. Monitoring of a Pharmaceutical Nanomilling Process Using Grating Light Reflection Spectrocopy. Applied Spectroscopy, Volume 59, Number 1, 2005, pp. 16-25.
Key terms: Grating Light Reflection Spectoscopy; Nanomilling; LS-1 Tungsten-Halogen Light Source

Pogue, R.T.; Sutherland, R.L.; Schmitt, M.G.; Natarajan, L.V.; Siwecki, S.A.; Tondiglia, V.P.; Bunning, T.J. Electrically Switchable Bragg Gratings from Liquid Crystal/Polymer Composites. Applied Spectroscopy, Vol. 54, No. 1, Jan. 2000.
Key terms: Holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals (H-PDLCs); Bragg gratings; Hologram

Johns, M.; Giller, C.A.; Liu, H. Determination of Hemoglobin Oxygen Saturation from Turbid Media Using Reflectance Spectroscopy with Small Source-Detector Separations. Applied Spectroscopy, Vol. 55, No. 12, 1686-1694, Dec. 2001.
Key terms: Human tissue, reflectance of; Hemoglobin oxygen saturation; Reflectance spectroscopy; Empirically modified diffusion model; Absorption; Monte Carlo simulations 

Author Unknown. A Colorful Humidity Sensor. EuroPhotonics, February/March 2007, p. 37.
Key terms: humidity sensor, water vapor concentrations, Nile red dye

Bard, Martin P. L.; Amelink, Armen; Hegt, Vincent Noordhoek; Graveland, Wilfried J.; Sterenborg, Henricus J. M. C.; Hoogsteden, Henk C.; Aerts, Joachim, G. J. V. Measurement of Hypoxia-related Parameters in Bronchial Mucosa by Use of Optical Spectroscopy. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Vol. 171, 2005, pp. 1178-1184.
Key terms: bronchial mucosa; hypoxia

Ponce-Castañeda, Martínez, J.R.; Ruiz, F.; Palomares-Sánchez; Domínguez, O. Synthesis of Fe2O3 Species Embedded in a Silica Xerogel Matrix: A Comparative Study. Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology 25, 29-36, 2002.
Key terms: Sol-gel; Structure; Infrared spectroscopy; Iron nitrates; X-ray; UV-visible spectroscopy

Lander, Michael J. Visual Cues Help Jellyfish Maneuver. Biophotonics International, May 2007, p. 22.
Key terms: jellyfish; invertebrate maneuvering; rhopalia

Cardenas-Valencia, Andres M.; Dlutowski, Jay; Fries, David; Langebrake, Larry. Spectrometric Determination of the Refractive Index of Optical Wave Guiding Materials Used in Lab-on-a-Chip Applications. Applied Spectroscopy, Vol. 60, Number 3, 2006, pp.322-329.
Key terms: lab-on-a-chip, refractive index

Goltz, D.; McClelland, J.; Schellenberg, A.; Attas, M.; Cloutis, E.; Collins, C. Spectroscopic Studies on the Darkening of Lead White. Applied Spectroscopy, Vol. 57, No. 11, 2003.
Key terms: Lead white; Paint degradation; Infrared and visible spectroscopy; Pigments; Paint

Sutherland, R.L.; Natarajan, L.V.; Tongdiglia, V.P.; Chandra, S.; Shepherd, C.K.; Brandelik, D.M.; Siwecki, S.A.
Polarization and switching properties of holographic polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal gratings. II. Experimental investigations.
Journal of Optical Society of America, B/Vol. 19, No. 12/December 2002.
Key terms: Polarization properties; Liquid-crystal gratings; HPDLCs

Natarajan, L.V.; Shepherd, C.K.; Brandelik, D.M.; Sutherland, R.L.; Chandra, S.; Tongdiglia, V.P.; Tomlin, D.; Bunning, T.J.
Switchable Holographic Polymer-Dispersed Liquid Crystal Reflection Gratings Based on Thiol-Ene Photopolymerization.
Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 15, No. 12, Pages 2477-2484, 2003.
Key terms: Liquid-crystal gratings; H-PDLCs; Thiol-ene photopolymerization

Les, Caren B. Locusts see the light about water. Biophotonics International, October 2005, p. 86-87.
Key terms: locusts, polarized light

Braun, Kelly E.; Boyer, Jeffrey D.; Henderson, Marcus, H.; Katz, David F.; Wax, Adam. Label-free Measurement of Microbial Gel Thickness Using Low-coherence Interferometry. Journal of Biomedical Optics, March/April 2006, Vol. 11 (2), pp. 020504-1--020504-3.
Key terms: low-coherence interferometry; thickness measurements; microbicides; drug delivery

Roger, P.; Bosc, A.; Barrandon, J.N. Discovering of Egyptian Blue for the decoration in a 10th A.D. manuscript characterized by absorption in diffuse reflectance spectrometry. Poster session, 34th International Symposium of Archaeometry. Zaragoza, Spain, May 3-7, 2004.
Key terms: Manuscript study; Ancient pigments and dyes; Egyptian Blue; Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy

Merrick, A. Underwater Spectrometer Sheds Light on Ocean Floor. R&D Magazine, Feb. 1999, Vol. 41, No. 2.
Key terms: Fluorescence; Reflectance, Marine environment; Corals; S2000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer

Mazel, C.H. Diver-Operated Instrument for In Situ Measurement of Spectral Fluorescence and Reflectance of Benthic Marine Organisms and Substrates. Optical Engineering, 1997, Vol. 36, No. 9, pp. 2612-2617.
Key terms: Remote sensing; Fluorescence; Reflectance; Benthic marine organisms; S1000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer; Spectrofluorometer

Wilson, A. Vision Systems Design, August 2004. 
Key terms: Microdisplays; Liquid-crystal-on-silicon (LCOS); Reflection; Machine vision

Lochte-Watson, K.R.; Payne, F.A.; Gates, R.S.; Hicks, C.L. Effects of pH, Protein, Fat, and Calcium on Diffuse Reflectance of Milk. Transactions of ASAE, 1998, Vol. 41, No. 3, pp. 701-707.
Key terms: pH; Diffuse reflectance; Milk

Dominy, N.J; Lucas, P.W. Ecological importance of trichomatic vision to primates. Nature, Vol. 410, Issue No. 6826, March 15, 2001. 
Key terms: trichromatic color vision; Howler monkeys; Color selection

Rugani, Lauren I. Superparamagnetic Nanoclusters Form Photonic Crystals. Photonics, September 2007, p. 24.
Key terms: nanoclusters; photonic crystals

Boas, Gary. Elastic Light Scattering Spectroscopy May Allow Noninvasive Cancer Detection. Biophotonics International, November 2005, pp.20-22.
Key terms: noninvasive cancer detection; elastic light scattering spectroscopy

Liang, Haida; Saunders, David; Cupitt. A New Multispectral Imaging System for Examining Paintings. Journal of Imaging and Technology, Vol. 49, No. 6, November/December 2005, pp. 551--562.
Key terms: painting anaylsis; multispectral imaging

Wang, Hsing-Wen; Putt, Mary E.; Emanuele, Michael J.; Shin, Daniel B.; Glatstein, Eli, Yodh, Arun G.; Busch, Theresa M. Treatment-Induced Changes in Tumor Oxygenation Predict Photodynamic Therapy Outcome. CANCER RESEARCH 64, 7553-7561, October 15, 2004.
Key terms: photodynamic therapy (PDT), tumor, diffuse reflectance spectroscopy

Blazquez, C.H.; Nigg, H.N.; Hedley, L.E.; Ramos, L.E.; Simpson, S.E. Field Assessment of a Fiber Optic Spectral Reflectance System. HortTech, 1996, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 73-76.
Key terms: Citrus; Plant leaves, reflectance of; Cultivar differences; Plant phenology; Spectral reflectance measurements; PS1000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer

Hardin, R.W. Spectroscopy Aids Plant World's Dr. Doolittles. Photonics Spectra, March 1997, p. 136.
Key terms: Reflectance fingerprints; Plant leaves, reflectance of; Citrus plants; Vegetation; PS1000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer

Zarco-Tejada, P.; Miller, J.R.; Mohammed, G.H.; Noland, T.L. Chlorophyll Fluorescence Effects on Vegetation Apparent Reflectance: I. Leaf-Level Measurements and Model Simulation. Remote Sensing of Environment, 74(3), 582-595, 2000.
Key terms: Transmittance; Plant leaves, reflectance of; ST1000 Fiber Optic Spectrometer; Chlorophyll fluorescence (CF); Sugar maple trees

Connolly, Christine. Capturing the Colors of a Plastic Bubble. Photonics Technology News, May 2008.
Key terms: polymer microcapsules; color

Johnson, B.D. Spectra of Leaves Is Tied to Development of Primate Vision. Photonics Spectra, June 2003.
Key terms: Primate vision; Trichomatic; Spectroradiometry; Reflectance

Hodges, Scott A.; Whitall, Justen B.; Fulton, Michelle, Yang, Ji Y. Genetics of Floral Traits Influencing Reproductive Isolation between Aquilegia formosa and Aquilegia pubescens. The American Naturalist, March 2002, Vol. 159 supplement, pp S51--S60.
Key terms: flower color, orientation, QTL, nectar spurs

Sommer, A.J.; Stewart, S.A. Raman Microspectroscopy with a Card-Based Spectrograph. Applied Spectroscopy, Vol. 53, No. 4, 1999, pp. 483-488.
Key terms: Raman microspectroscopy; Card-based spectrograph; Miniature spectrograph; Polystyrene; Silicon; Nylon; Graphite; Carbon films; Forensics; Hematite; Teaching instrument; Corrosion; Pharmaceuticals; S2000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer

Womble, M.E.; Clarke, R.H.; Londhe, S.; Olafsson, J.P. Low-resolution Raman method offers low cost and portability. Laser Focus World, Apr. 1999, Vol. 35, No. 4, pp. 131-136.
Key terms: Organic systems; Low-resolution Raman Spectroscopy (LRRS); Vibrational fingerprinting

Clarke, R.H.; Londhe, S.; Premasiri, W.R.; Womble, M.E. Low-resolution Raman Spectroscopy: Instrumentation and Applications in Chemical Analysis. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 30, 827-832 (1999).
Key terms: Low-resolution Raman Spectroscopy (LRRS); Organic systems; In situ measurements, monitoring and identification; Synthetic rubber; Polystyrene; Drugs; Explosives; Wastewater

Greensill, C.V.; Walsh, K.B. Optimization of Instrumentation Precision and Wavelength Resolution for the Performance of NIR Calibrations of Sucrose in a Water-Cellulose Matrix. Applied Spectroscopy, Vol. 54, No. 3, 426-430, (2000).
Key terms: Coefficient of variation; Reflection Probe; NIR spectroscopy; Reflectance; Transmission; Chemometrics; Instrument design

Lander, Michael J. Reflection of Multilayered Surfaces Measured. Photonics Spectra, June 2007, p. 20.
Key terms: refractive index of beetle's exocuticle

Hu, C. A simple instrument for measurement of remote sensing reflectance in coastal environment. SPIE USE 4897-42 (p. 1) Color: No Format: Letter Date: 2002-09-20 13:18:29
Key terms: Remote sensing; Fiber optic sensor; Calibration; Case-II water

Sheppard, L.M. Autonomous Robot Finds Meteorites. Photonics Spectra, April 2000. 
Key terms: Nomad robot; Rocks and meteorites, reflectance of; Rocks, chemistry of; S2000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer

Long, Michael E. Mars on Earth. National Geographic, July 1999, Vol. 196, No. 1, pp. 34-51.
Key terms: Haughton Crater; NASA Ames Research Center; Mars exploration; Rocks and sediments, reflectance of; Breccia; Robotic geologist

Oczkowski, H.L.; Przegietka, K.R. TL Dating of Young Aeolian Deposits from Kepa Kujawska. Radiation Measurements Vol. 29, No. 3-4, pp. 435-439, 1998.
Key terms: Sand; Irradiance; Spectrometry; Thermoluminescence

Zarzosa-Ortega, G.; Martínez, J.R.; Robledo-Cabrera, A.; Martínez-Castañón; Sánchez-Loredo, M.G; Ruiz, F. Annealing Behavior of Silica Gel Powders with Silver Crystalline Aggregates. Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology 27, 255-262, 2003.
Key words: Structure; Glasses; X-rays; Silver; Composites

Zarzosa-Ortega, G.; Araujo-Andrade, C.; Compeán-Jasso, M.E.; Martínez, J.R; Ruiz. F. Cobalt Oxide/Silica Xerogels Powders: X-Ray Diffraction, Infrared and Visible Absorption Studies. Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology 24, 23-29, 2002.
Key words: Sol-gel; Infrared spectroscopy; X-rays; Structure; Glasses

Hutson, S.M. Creature Camouflage. Biophotonics International, May 2002, pp. 86-87. 
Key terms: Spider pigmentation; UV-yellow; UV-green 

Singh, Bipin K.; Hillier, Andrew C. Surface Plasmon Resonance Imaging of Biomolecular Interactions on a Grating-Based Sensor Array. Analytical Chemistry, Vol 78, No. 6, March 15, 2006, pp. 2009--2018.
Key terms: surface plasmon resonance (SPR); biomolecular interactions

Boas, Gary. Taking It to the Streets with SPR. Biophotonics International. April 2007, pp. 41-43.
Key terms: surface plasmon resonance (SPR); interferometry; porous anodic alumina chips

White, S.; Nave, S. Spectrometric Temperature Measurement Using a Zinc Selenide-Based Fiber Optic Sensor. Applied Spectroscopy, Vol. 53, No. 9, 1999, pp. 1138-1142.
Key terms: Fiber optics; Temperature sensors; Spectroscopy; ZnSe; S1000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer.

Drollette, D. Biologists see lizards in a whole new light. Biophotonics International, Oct. 1999, Vol. 6, No. 6, pp. 58-60.
Key terms: Agonistic signaling; UV reflectance; Anolis lizards; Photoreceptors

 

Conference Proceedings

 

Anderson, S.; Ornborg, J.; Anderson, M. Ultraviolet Sexual Dimorphism and Assortive Mating in Blue Tits. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, 1998.
Key terms: Spectral reflectance; Bird vision; UV vision; Color signalling; Sexual dichromatism; S1000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer; LS-1 Tungsten Halogen Light Source

Brettel, H.; Chiron, A.; Hardeberg, J.Y.; Schmitt, F. Versatile Spectro Photometer for Cross-Media Color Management. AIC Color 97, Proceedings of the 8th Congress of the International Colour Association (ISBN 4-9980598), pp. 678-681.
Key terms: CIE colorimetric system; CIELAB; Color measurement; SD1000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer; Reflecting targets; CRTs; x-y Scanning table

Adams, A.J.; Herden, D. Spectral Reflectance of Rice Seedlings. Proc. SPIE Vol. 3543, p. 259-264, Precision Agriculture and Biological Quality (Meyer, G.E. and DeShazer, J.A., editors).
Key terms: Spectral reflectance; Rice; Salinity

Zeng, H.; MacAulay, C.; McLean, D.I.; Lui, H.; Palcic, B. Miniature Spectrometer and Multi-Spectral Imager as a Potential Diagnostic Aid in Dermatology. BIOS '95, 1995, SPIE Vol. 238, Paper No. 09.
Key terms: Tissue autofluorescence spectroscopy; Tissue reflectance spectroscopy; Tissue autofluorescence imaging; Skin imaging; Multi-spectral imaging; Optical diagnosis; Skin diseases; PC1000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer

Soyemi, Olusola U.; Landry, Michelle R.; Yang, Ye; Idwasi, Patrick O.; Soller, Babs R. Skin Color Correction for Tissue Spectroscopy: Demonstration of a Novel Approach with Tissue-Mimicking Phantoms. Applied Spectroscopy, Volume 59, Number 2, 2005, pp. 237-244.
Key terms: tissue spectroscopy, VIS-NIR, partial least squares (PLS) regression

 

Unpublished Materials

 

Fang, Y.; Hong, W.; Weiping, Q.; Zuhong, L. A Successful Attempt of Reflectometry Interference Spectroscopy Used as an Analytical Tool in the Study of IgG Immobilization on Flat Polystyrene Surface. Poster presentation at China Biomedical Electronics Conference, 1999.
Key terms: Polystyrene; Glutaraldehyde; Biosensor; Antibodies

Potter, R.F. Reflectometer for pseudo-Brewster Angle Spectrometry (BAIRS). 2000.
Key terms: Reflectometry; Ellipsometry; GaAs; Optical constants; Brewster angle

Levine, N.M. Green Rainbows: The analysis of stress induced change on the reflected spectrum of Philodendrons scandens. Award-winning science-fair project, Massachusetts State Science Fair, 1999.
Key terms: Remote sensing; Leaves, reflectance of; Fiber optic probe; Philodendrons scandens

Chen, C. The Relation between Cell Gap and Reflectance of Cholesteric Liquid Crystal Displays. Submitted by Research & Development, Emerging Display Technologies Corp., No. 11 West 10th Street, K.E.P.Z. Kaohsiung, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Key terms: Liquid crystal displays; Cell gap; Bragg reflection

Choudhary. R.; Bowser, T.J.; Maness, N.O.; McGlynn, W.; Weekler, P.; Stone, M.L. Rapid sensing of lycopene in watermelon and tomato using visible reflectance spectroscopy. Abstract of proceedings of research symposium at the Oklahoma Food and Agricultural Products Research and Technology Center, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma, 2004.
Key terms: Watermelon; Tomato; Lycopene; Reflectance spectroscopy; Antioxidants

Author unknown. Rover Based Spectrometer Pointing. Excerpted from NASA's Rocky 7 Mars "microrover" Web site (http://robotics.jpl.nasa.gov/tasks/scirover/technology/spectrometer/
homepage.html
), 1997.
Key terms: Rocky 7 microrover; Point Reflectance Spectrometer; Mars exploration; S1000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer

Payne, F.A.; Crofcheck, C.L.; Nokes, S.E.; Kang, K.C. Transition Sensing Using a Fiber Optic Backscatter Sensor. Submitted for publication in the Transactions of ASAE, 1998.
Key terms: Transition; Sensor; Fiber optic; Milk; Dairy; Clean-in-Place; LS-1 Tungsten Halogen Light Source; SD1000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer

Scheer, S.A.; Brodsky, C.J.; Robertson, S.A.; Kang, D. The Design of a Cost Effective Multi Wavelength Development Rate Monitoring Tool, 2002.
Key terms:
Multi wavelength development rate monitor; Surface inhibition; Standing wave; Deprotection

Forney, L.; Thierolf, C.; Toleno, B.; Parks, G.; Steinberg, J. Prediction of PCB Solderability by Reflectance Spectroscopy. Presented at undetermined industry trade show.
Key terms: Organic and organic-metallic coatings; PCB solderability; Reflectance spectroscopy

Burleigh, T.D.; Donahey, G.P.; Vida, M. Use of the Ocean Optics S2000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer to Measure the Tarnishing Rate of Silver. Manuscript prepared by Materials Science and Engineering Dept., University of Pittsburgh, 1999.
Key terms: Reflectivity; Luster; Silver; Silver tarnishing rate; S2000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer; Integrating Sphere

Harrison, D. Limb Level Assessment by Non-Invasive SO2 Measurement, 2002.
Key terms: SO2 measurement; Knee amputation; Backscattering; Hypoxia; Oxygen

Robertson, S.A.; Kang, D.; Scheer, S.A.; Bodsky, C.J. Novel polychromatic measurement technique for determining the dissolution rate of very thin resist films, 2002.
Key terms: Development rate monitor; Polychromatic; Multi-wavelength; Thin resist film

 

Robson, David. Fibre Provides. Electro Optics, http://www.electrooptics.com/features/feature.php?feature_id=47
Key terms: fiber optics, optical fibers, fibre

Wood, Stephen; Nulph, Arial; Howell, Brian. Application of Autonomous Underwater Vehicles. Sea Technology, December 2004, pp. 10-14.
Key terms: AUV; Autonomous Underwater Vehicles; PC2000, PC104 UV-VIS, navigation

Molinaro, Marco; Castori, Pamela; Wright, Mike; Corbacho, Ana. Introducing and Engaging Diverse High School Students to Biophotonics Through Multi-Year Courses. Center for Biophotonics Science and Technology, University of California, Davis, 2007.
Center for Biophotonics Science and Technology, CBST, National Science Foundation, high school, Science and Technology Center

Marín, Nena M.; MacKinnon, Nicholas; MacAulay, Calum; Chang, Sung K.; Atkinson, E. Neely; Cox, Dennis; Serachitopol, Dan; Pikkula, Brian; Follen, Michele; Richards-Kotrum, Rebecca. Calibration Standards for Multicenter Clinical Trials of Fluorescence Spectroscopy for in vivo Diagnosis. Journal of Biomedical Optics, January/February 2006, Vol. 11(1), pp. 014010-1-- 014010-14.
Key terms: cervix; fluorescence spectroscopy; tissue diagnostics; optical standards; optics instrumentation; calibration

Thomason, J.; DeFrece R. Open-path UV Air Monitoring of BTEX and SO2 Compounds. Spectroscopy, September 2004, pp 52
Key terms: UVSentry; Air Monitoring; BTEX; Toxics; SO2; HR2000

Thomason, J.; Mattley Y.; Walters R.; Rose J. Building a Better LIBS Unit. OEMagazine, Vol. 4, Nor. 5, May 2004, pp 33
Key terms: LIBS; Hazardous Materials; U.S. Army Research Laboratory

Nelatury, Sudarshan. A First Order Digital Filter Project. PennState University, Spring 2006.
Key terms: filter, first order digital filter, PennState University

Thomason, J. Spectroscopy Takes Security into the Field. Photonics Spectra, April 2004
Key terms: Spectroscopy; Fluorescence, Laser-induced Breakdown Spectroscopy; Anthrax

Hundley, K. A Measure of Success. St. Petersburg Times, September 22, 2003. 
Key terms: Spectrometers; Ocean Optics history; Company growth.

DETERTEC. Course - Optical Spectroscopy on Detergency. DETERTEC web site (http://www.detertec.com/courses202.html).
Key terms: Colorimetry, Detergent analysis, Whiteness, Human color vision.

Van Stryland, Eric W.; UCF's New College: A First for Optics in the United States. Optics & Photonics News, February 2005, pp. 10-12.
Key terms: University of Central Florida, College of Optics and Photonics

Tzankov, P.; Buchvarov, I.; Fiebig, T. Broadband Optical Parametric Amplification in the Near UV-VIS, Optics Communications, Vol. 203, 2002, pp. 107-113.
Key terms: Parametric amplification, Frequency conversion, Femtosecond UV pulses, White-light continuum, USB2000

Andelman, Bob. A-Ha!, Maddux Business Report, March 2005, pp. 20-24.
Key terms: research funding, University of South Florida

Gragson, Derek; Sharpe, John; Knight, Randy; Jones, Dane. Experiments - California Polytechnic State University College of Science and Math Optical Metrology Lab web site (http://chemweb.calpoly.edu/chem/gragson/OpticsLab/OML_expts.htm), Nov. 2003.
Key terms: RAMAN spectroscopy, Laser spectral analysis, USB2000-UV/VIS, USB2000.

Perlman, D. Caltech chemist's "smoke alarm" for bioterror. The San Francisco Chronicle, Oct. 25, 2002.
Key terms: Anthrax; Bioterrorism; Jet Propulsion Laboratory; Bacteria

Thompson, S.K. Spectroscopy Used in Anthrax Detection System. Spectroscopy 17(9), Sept. 2002
Key terms: Anthrax; Endospore; Bacteria

Douglass, K. Optics Firm Hits Obstacle In Bringing Sensor Device to Market, Optics & Photonics News, Jan. 2003
Key terms: Anthrax spores; Endospore screening system; Bioterrorism

Borman, S. Array detectors are transforming optical spectroscopy. C&E News, Mar. 18, 1996.
Key terms: Charged-coupled device; Charge-injection device; Array detectors

LeBlanc, R. Collaborative Research Project. Summary of research project on development of optical fiber biosensors, prepared by Department of Chemistry, University of Miami, 1999.
Key terms: Optical fiber biosensors; S2000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer; Insecticides; Chemical warfare agents; Glucose; Proteins; Viruses; Bacteria

No byline. High School Spectroscopy Conjures State-Wide Water Monitoring Concept. Pollution Equipment News, Oct. 2002.
Key terms: Chemistry; UV-Vis spectrometer; Water quality

Bernazzini, P.; Paquin, F. Modular Spectrometers in the Undergraduate Chemistry Laboratory. Journal of Chemical Education, Vol. 78, No. 6, June 2001, pp. 796-798.
Key terms: Laboratory courses; Chemistry lab, undergraduate; Spectrophotometers; Ligand/metal ratio in Fe(II)/phenanthroline; Aromatic acids; CHEM2000-VIS; S2000-UV-VIS

Yuan, Shigui; DeGrandpre, Michael. Comparison Between Two Detection Systems for Fiber-Optic Chemical Sensor Applications. Applied Spectroscopy, Vol. 60, No. 4, 2006, pp. 465--470.
Key terms: fiber-optic chemical sensors; fiber-optic splitter; optical detection systems

Weiss, M.D. Fiber Optics Tie Spectrometers Closer to the Sample. Today's Chemist at Work, December 1995, pp. 23-25.
Key terms: Optical fibers; Fiber optics; In situ; PC1000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer

Morris, M. Fiber/Spectroscopy Usher in New Generation. U.S. Tech, Nov./Dec. 1995.
Key terms: Optical fiber; Miniature optics; Fiber optics; S1000 Fiber Optic Spectrometer

Morris, M.J. Fiberoptic Technology cuts cost of spectroscopy. Laser Focus World, Vol. 30, No. 3, March 1994.
Key terms: S1000 Spectrometer; Spectrophotometer; Miniature optics; CCD array; Low-cost spectroscopy; Fiberoptics

Weisshaar, Duane E.; Earl, Gary W.; Hanson, Milton P.; Viste, Arlen E.; Kintner, R. Roy; Duffy-Matzner, Jetty L. Instrumental Proficiency Program for Undergraduates. Journal of Chemical Education, Vol. 82, No. 6, June 2005, pp. 898-900.
Key terms: instrumental proficiency program

Stewart, Barbara; Kirk, Robert; LaBrecque, David; Amar, François G.; Bruce, Mitchell R.M. InterChemNet: Integrating Instrumentation, Management, and Assessment in the General Chemistry Laboratory Course. Journal of Chemical Education, Vol. 83, No. 3, March 2006, pp. 494--500
Key terms: InterChemNet (ICN), teaching

Gaughan, R. Spectroscopy Poised to Seek Terror Agents. Photonics Spectra, Dec. 2002
Key terms: U.S. Army Research Laboratory; Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS); Anthrax-surrogate bacteria

Respini-Irwin, C. Knowing Is Half the Battle, Spectroscopy 18(4), April 2003.
Key terms: Anthrax spores; Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS); Plasma

Kincade, K. LIBS leaves the lab for field work in industry and defense. Laser Focus World, Vol. 39, No. 8, August 2003.
Key terms: Martian soils; Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS); Homeland security

No byline. "Body Building" segment of PBS' Scientific American Frontiers, original broadcast date May 28, 2002.
Key terms: Bioengineering; Liver-on-a-chip; Bioreactor

Savage, N. MEMS bring new order to diffraction gratings. Laser Focus World, Vol. 36, No. 3, March 2000.
Key terms: Diffraction gratings; MEMS (microelectromechanical systems); Miniature spectrometers

No byline given. Pocket Chemistry Lab. PI Quality, Nov.-Dec. 1993.
Key terms: Laptop chemistry; Miniaturization

Troy, C.T. In Photonics, the Little Things Mean a Lot. Photonics Spectra, Jan. 1994.
Key terms: Photonics; Miniaturization; PC1000 Miniature Fiber Optic Spectrometer

Henkel. S. V. "Insect Eye" Quantifies Marine Snow Activity. SENSORS, Jan. 1993.
Key terms: Marine snow; Carbon dioxide; Multi-aperture sensor

No byline. Optics and National Security.
Optics & Photonics News, Nov. 2002. 
Key terms: Homeland Security Technology Expo; Endospore Detection System;
National security; Anthrax

DeVerse, R.A.; Hammaker, R.M.; Fateley, W.G. Realization of the Hadamard Multiplex Advantage Using a Programmable Optical Mask in a Dispersive Flat-field Near-infrared Spectrometer. Applied Spectroscopy, December, 2000, pp. 1751-1758.
Key terms: NIR digital micromirror array spectrometer; Hadamard transform spectrometry; Hadamard multiplex advantage; HG-1 Mercury Argon Calibration Source; Micro-optoelectromechanical systems (MOMES)

Author Unknown. Sector Profile: OceanOptics & Photonics. florida.High.Tech, 2006, pp. 33-34.
Key terms: Ocean Optics

Lane, J.; Morris, R. New Process Produces Optical Coatings with Microlithographic Precision. Vacuum Technology and Coating, Oct. 2000.
Key terms: Optical coatings; Patterned dichroic filters; Microlithography 

Bean, L. Specialty Optical Fibers.
Photonics Spectra, January 2001, pp. 117-118.
Key terms: Optical fiber; modular spectroscopy; process streams; photonics technologies

Byrnes, D.J. Trends in QA/QC Spectroscopy. PI Quality, Nov.-Dec. 1993.
Key terms: On-line process monitoring; Standard deviations; PC-based UV/vis/NIR analyzer

Harper, J. Persistence paying off for Dunedin inventor. St. Petersburg Times, May 28, 1990. 
Key terms: pHish Doctor; Aquariums; Southern Technology Applications Center

No byline given. Mission Accomplished. NASA Tech Briefs, Sept. 1994.
Key terms: Immobilized color reagents; pHish Doctor; SBIR; pH sensor

Fink, U. Spectral Analysis of Various Materials. Lab developed as part of introductory course for students at the Dept. of Planetary Sciences Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona, Tucson, Ariz.
Key terms: Planetary sciences; Spectroscopy; Light; CCD; Sensor

Mockel, W.; Thomas, M. Determination of Transesterification Reaction Endpoint Using NIR Spectroscopy. SPIE, 1992, Optically Based Methods for Process Analysis, Vol. 1681, pp. 220-230.
Key terms: NIR spectroscopy; Process analysis, Methyl ester; Polyethylene glycol; Liquid chromatography

Studt, T. Spectrometers Edge Their Way Into Process Monitoring. R&D Magazine, Vol. 40, No.1, Jan. 1998.
Key terms: Fiber optics; Miniaturization techniques; Process monitoring applications; In situ monitoring

Catalano, V. In Process Near-IR Spectroscopy, People Count as Much as Technology. Today's Chemist at Work, Oct. 1995
Key terms: Chemical industries; Near-IR process spectroscopy; Hydroxyl number; Acid value; Polyols; Octane number

Ouellette, J. Quantum Dots for Sale. The Industrial Physicist, Feb./March 2003.
Key terms: Semiconductor quantum dots; Nanocrystals

Masi, C.G. Making the Spectrometer Fit the Need. R&D Magazine, Vol. 43, No. 2, Feb. 2001. 
Key terms: Spectro-analytical instruments; Spectrometers

Morris, R. Spectrometers move out of the lab. Laser Focus World, Vol. 37, No. 2, Feb. 2001.
Key terms: In situ spectroscopy; Spectrometers; CCD arrays; Fiber optics

Bacon, T. Miniaturization Drives Spectroscopy. Photonics Spectra, Vol. 36, Issue 1, January 2002. 
Key terms: Spectroscopy, miniaturization of; Fiber optics; Defense industry; Biomedical industry

DeMeis, R. Select a spectrometer suited to your task and environment. Laser Focus World, Sept. 1995.
Key terms: OEM spectrometers; Spectroscopy; Monochromator; Czerny-Turner

Brown, S.L. Excerpted chapters from University of Arizona Department of Chemistry lab manual, Chapters 5, 9 and 10, 2001. 
Key terms: Spectroscopy; Light; Absorption; Emission; Beer-Lambert Law; CHEM2000 Spectrophotometer

Knight, J.B.; Farnsworth, P.B. An Electronic Spectroscope for Classroom Displays of Visible Spectra. Spectrochimica Acta Electronica Part B 53 (www.elsevier.nl/locate/sabe), 1998.
Key terms: Spectroscope; Spectra; OOIWinIP Windows Interface Package; Teaching Spectroscopy  

Tonkin, S.F. Practical Amateur Spectroscopy. Patrick Moore's Practical Astronomy Series ISSN 1617-7185, ISBN 1-85223-489-4 Springer-Verlag, Spring-Verlag London Limited 2002.